Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 1.188.11

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

पु॒रो॒गा अ॒ग्निर्दे॒वानां॑ गाय॒त्रेण॒ सम॑ज्यते । स्वाहा॑कृतीषु रोचते ॥
पुरोगा अग्निर्देवानां गायत्रेण समज्यते । स्वाहाकृतीषु रोचते ॥
purogā agnir devānāṃ gāyatreṇa sam ajyate | svāhākṛtīṣu rocate ||

English translation:

Agni, the preceder of the gods”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Purogā purogāmī; agniḥ kasmādagraṇīrbhavati (Nirukta 7.14), is characterized by the Gāyatrī measure; he blazes when the oblations are offered.


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): agastyo maitrāvaruṇiḥ [agastya maitrāvaruṇi];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): āpriyaḥ;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

पु॒रः॒ऽगाः । अ॒ग्निः । दे॒वाना॑म् । गा॒य॒त्रेण॑ । सम् । अ॒ज्य॒ते॒ । स्वाहा॑ऽकृतीषु । रो॒च॒ते॒ ॥
पुरःगाः । अग्निः । देवानाम् । गायत्रेण । सम् । अज्यते । स्वाहाकृतीषु । रोचते ॥
puraḥ-gāḥ | agniḥ | devānām | gāyatreṇa | sam | ajyate | svāhākṛtīṣu | rocate

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.188.11 English analysis of grammar]

purogā < purogāḥ < purogā

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine


agnir < agniḥ < agni

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“fire; Agni; sacrificial fire; digestion; cautery; Plumbago zeylanica; fire; vahni; agni [word]; agnikarman; gold; three; jāraṇa; pyre; fireplace; heating.”

devānāṃ < devānām < deva

[noun], genitive, plural, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

gāyatreṇa < gāyatra

[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter

“Gāyatrī; Gāyatra.”



“sam; together; together; saṃ.”

ajyate < añj

[verb], singular, Indikativ Pr¦s. Passiv

“smear; anoint; mix; color.”

svāhākṛtīṣu < svāhākṛtī

[noun], locative, plural, feminine

rocate < ruc

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“please; shine.”

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