Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 1.139.9

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

द॒ध्यङ्ह॑ मे ज॒नुषं॒ पूर्वो॒ अङ्गि॑राः प्रि॒यमे॑ध॒: कण्वो॒ अत्रि॒र्मनु॑र्विदु॒स्ते मे॒ पूर्वे॒ मनु॑र्विदुः । तेषां॑ दे॒वेष्वाय॑तिर॒स्माकं॒ तेषु॒ नाभ॑यः । तेषां॑ प॒देन॒ मह्या न॑मे गि॒रेन्द्रा॒ग्नी आ न॑मे गि॒रा ॥
दध्यङ्ह मे जनुषं पूर्वो अङ्गिराः प्रियमेधः कण्वो अत्रिर्मनुर्विदुस्ते मे पूर्वे मनुर्विदुः । तेषां देवेष्वायतिरस्माकं तेषु नाभयः । तेषां पदेन मह्या नमे गिरेन्द्राग्नी आ नमे गिरा ॥
dadhyaṅ ha me januṣam pūrvo aṅgirāḥ priyamedhaḥ kaṇvo atrir manur vidus te me pūrve manur viduḥ | teṣāṃ deveṣv āyatir asmākaṃ teṣu nābhayaḥ | teṣām padena mahy ā name girendrāgnī ā name girā ||

English translation:

“The ancient Dadhyañc, Aṅgiras, Priyamedha, Kaṇva, Atri, Manu, have known my birth; they who were of old and Manu have known (my progenitors); for of them is long life amongst the gods, and in them is our existence; for the sake of their nigh station, I adore (the gods) with praise; I worship Indra and Agni with praise.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

My birth: the birth of me, Parucchepas, the ṛṣi of the hymn; he is subsequent to them or of more recent date. te me pūrve manur viduḥ: added is pitrādīn, fathers;

Manu = manavaḥ, plural, i.e. former Manus; pūrve is applied to those previously named, Dadhyañc and the rest; manavaśca and the Manus. In them is our existence: asmākam teṣu nābhayaḥ, in them are our 'navels'; explained as vital airs, in connection with life, jīvena saha saṃbandhavantaḥ prāṇāḥ; or by sacrifices in relation to their rewards, phalena saṃbaddhāḥ yāgāḥ

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): parucchepo daivodāsiḥ [parucchepa daivodāsi];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indrāgnī ;
Chandas (meter): bhurigaṣṭiḥ ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

द॒ध्यङ् । ह॒ । मे॒ । ज॒नुष॑म् । पूर्वः॑ । अङ्गि॑राः । प्रि॒यऽमे॑धः॑ । कण्वः॑ । अत्रिः॑ । मनुः॑ । वि॒दुः॒ । ते । मे॒ । पूर्वे॑ । मनुः॑ । वि॒दुः॒ । तेषा॑म् । दे॒वेषु॑ । आऽय॑तिः । अ॒स्माक॑म् । तेषु॑ । नाभ॑यः । तेषा॑म् । प॒देन॑ । महि॑ । आ । न॒मे॒ । गि॒रा । इ॒न्द्रा॒ग्नी इति॑ । आ । न॒मे॒ । गि॒रा ॥
दध्यङ् । ह । मे । जनुषम् । पूर्वः । अङ्गिराः । प्रियमेधः । कण्वः । अत्रिः । मनुः । विदुः । ते । मे । पूर्वे । मनुः । विदुः । तेषाम् । देवेषु । आयतिः । अस्माकम् । तेषु । नाभयः । तेषाम् । पदेन । महि । आ । नमे । गिरा । इन्द्राग्नी इति । आ । नमे । गिरा ॥
dadhyaṅ | ha | me | januṣam | pūrvaḥ | aṅgirāḥ | priya-medhaḥ | kaṇvaḥ | atriḥ | manuḥ | viduḥ | te | me | pūrve | manuḥ | viduḥ | teṣām | deveṣu | āyatiḥ | asmākam | teṣu | nābhayaḥ | teṣām | padena | mahi | ā | name | girā | indrāgnī itgi | ā | name | girā

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.139.9 English analysis of grammar]

dadhyaṅ < dadhyac

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Dadhyac.”

ha

[adverb]

“indeed; ha [word].”

me < mad

[noun], genitive, singular

“I; mine.”

januṣam < janus

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“birth.”

pūrvo < pūrvaḥ < pūrva

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“aforesaid(a); antecedent; previous(a); first; eastern; former(a); pūrva [word]; age-old; anterior; bygone; fore(a); predictive; firstborn; easterly; instrumental.”

aṅgirāḥ < aṅgiras

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Aṅgiras; Aṅgiras; Brahman; Atharva-Veda; aṅgiras [word]; Aṅgiras.”

priyamedhaḥ < priyamedha

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

kaṇvo < kaṇvaḥ < kaṇva

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Kaṇva; Kaṇva; kaṇva [word].”

atrir < atriḥ < atri

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Atri; Atri; atri [word].”

manur < manuḥ < manu

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Manu; mantra; Manusmṛti; fourteen; man; manu [word]; Vaivasvata; incantation; sacred text.”

vidus < viduḥ < vid

[verb], plural, Perfect indicative

“know; diagnose; perceive; know; accord; notice; deem; mind; learn; specify; watch; recognize; detect; call.”

te < tad

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

me < mad

[noun], genitive, singular

“I; mine.”

pūrve < pūrva

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“aforesaid(a); antecedent; previous(a); first; eastern; former(a); pūrva [word]; age-old; anterior; bygone; fore(a); predictive; firstborn; easterly; instrumental.”

manur < manuḥ < manu

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Manu; mantra; Manusmṛti; fourteen; man; manu [word]; Vaivasvata; incantation; sacred text.”

viduḥ < vid

[verb], plural, Perfect indicative

“know; diagnose; perceive; know; accord; notice; deem; mind; learn; specify; watch; recognize; detect; call.”

teṣāṃ < teṣām < tad

[noun], genitive, plural, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

deveṣv < deveṣu < deva

[noun], locative, plural, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

āyatir < āyatiḥ < āyati

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“future; son; lineage.”

asmākaṃ < asmākam < mad

[noun], genitive, plural

“I; mine.”

teṣu < tad

[noun], locative, plural, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

nābhayaḥ < nābhi

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine

“navel; hub; kinship; beginning; origin; umbilical cord; nābhi [word]; friendship; center.”

teṣām < tad

[noun], genitive, plural, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

padena < pada

[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter

“word; location; foot; footprint; pada [word]; verse; footstep; metrical foot; situation; dwelling; state; step; mark; position; trace; construction; animal foot; way; moment; social station; topographic point; path; residence; site; topic.”

mahy < mahi

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“great; firm.”

ā

[adverb]

“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

name < nam

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“bow; bend; condescend; worship; bend; lower.”

girendrāgnī < girā < gir

[noun], instrumental, singular, feminine

“hymn; praise; voice; words; invocation; command; statement; cry; language.”

girendrāgnī < indra

[noun], masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

girendrāgnī < agnī < agni

[noun], vocative, dual, masculine

“fire; Agni; sacrificial fire; digestion; cautery; Plumbago zeylanica; fire; vahni; agni [word]; agnikarman; gold; three; jāraṇa; pyre; fireplace; heating.”

ā

[adverb]

“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

name < nam

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“bow; bend; condescend; worship; bend; lower.”

girā < gir

[noun], instrumental, singular, feminine

“hymn; praise; voice; words; invocation; command; statement; cry; language.”

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