Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 1.139.6

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

वृष॑न्निन्द्र वृष॒पाणा॑स॒ इन्द॑व इ॒मे सु॒ता अद्रि॑षुतास उ॒द्भिद॒स्तुभ्यं॑ सु॒तास॑ उ॒द्भिद॑: । ते त्वा॑ मन्दन्तु दा॒वने॑ म॒हे चि॒त्राय॒ राध॑से । गी॒र्भिर्गि॑र्वाह॒: स्तव॑मान॒ आ ग॑हि सुमृळी॒को न॒ आ ग॑हि ॥
वृषन्निन्द्र वृषपाणास इन्दव इमे सुता अद्रिषुतास उद्भिदस्तुभ्यं सुतास उद्भिदः । ते त्वा मन्दन्तु दावने महे चित्राय राधसे । गीर्भिर्गिर्वाहः स्तवमान आ गहि सुमृळीको न आ गहि ॥
vṛṣann indra vṛṣapāṇāsa indava ime sutā adriṣutāsa udbhidas tubhyaṃ sutāsa udbhidaḥ | te tvā mandantu dāvane mahe citrāya rādhase | gīrbhir girvāhaḥ stavamāna ā gahi sumṛḻīko na ā gahi ||

English translation:

Indra, showerer (of blessings), these effused Soma, (expressed) by stones, and which have sprung (from mountain), are for your drinking; these libations have burst forth for you; may they satisfy you as an offering presented (in the hope of receiving) great and wonderful riches. Acceptor of laudations, come to us, glorified by our hymns; come to us well plural ased.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): parucchepo daivodāsiḥ [parucchepa daivodāsi];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): atyaṣṭiḥ ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

वृष॑न् । इ॒न्द्र॒ । वृ॒ष॒ऽपाना॑सः । इन्द॑वः । इ॒मे । सु॒ताः । अद्रि॑ऽसुतासः । उ॒त्ऽभिदः॑ । तुभ्य॑म् । सु॒तासः॑ । उ॒त्ऽभिदः॑ । ते । त्वा॒ । म॒न्द॒न्तु॒ । दा॒वने॑ । म॒हे । चि॒त्राय॑ । राध॑से । गीः॒ऽभिः । गि॒र्वा॒हः॒ । स्तव॑मानः । आ । ग॒हि॒ । सु॒ऽमृ॒ळी॒कः । नः॒ । आ । ग॒हि॒ ॥
वृषन् । इन्द्र । वृषपानासः । इन्दवः । इमे । सुताः । अद्रिसुतासः । उत्भिदः । तुभ्यम् । सुतासः । उत्भिदः । ते । त्वा । मन्दन्तु । दावने । महे । चित्राय । राधसे । गीःभिः । गिर्वाहः । स्तवमानः । आ । गहि । सुमृळीकः । नः । आ । गहि ॥
vṛṣan | indra | vṛṣa-pānāsaḥ | indavaḥ | ime | sutāḥ | adri-sutāsaḥ | ut-bhi daḥ | tubhyam | sutāsaḥ | ut-bhidaḥ | te | tvā | mandantu | dāvane | mahe | citrāya | rādhase | gīḥ-bhiḥ | girvāhaḥ | stavamānaḥ | ā | gahi | su-mṛḷīkaḥ | naḥ | ā | gahi

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.139.6 English analysis of grammar]

vṛṣann < vṛṣan

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“bull; Indra; stallion; Vṛṣan; man.”

indra

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

vṛṣapāṇāsa < vṛṣapāṇāsaḥ < vṛṣapāṇa

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

indava < indavaḥ < indu

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“moon; Soma; drop; anusvāra; one; Candra; silver; camphor; point; juice.”

ime < idam

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

sutā < sutāḥ < su

[verb noun], nominative, plural

“press out; su.”

adriṣutāsa < adriṣutāsaḥ < adriṣuta

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

udbhidas < udbhidaḥ < udbhid

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

tubhyaṃ < tubhyam < tvad

[noun], dative, singular

“you.”

sutāsa < sutāsaḥ < su

[verb noun], nominative, plural

“press out; su.”

udbhidaḥ < udbhid

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

te < tad

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

tvā < tvad

[noun], accusative, singular

“you.”

mandantu < mad

[verb], plural, Present imperative

“rut; intoxicate; delight; revel; rejoice; drink; ramp; exult.”

dāvane <

[verb noun]

“give; add; perform; put; administer; fill into; give; ignite; put on; offer; use; fuel; pour; grant; feed; teach; construct; insert; drip; wrap; pay; hand over; lend; inflict; concentrate; sacrifice; splint; poultice; create.”

mahe < mah

[noun], dative, singular, neuter

“great; great; distinguished; much(a); adult; long; high.”

citrāya < citra

[noun], dative, singular, neuter

“manifold; extraordinary; beautiful; divers(a); varicolored; bright; bright; bright; outstanding; agitated; aglitter(p); brilliant; painted; obvious; patched; bizarre.”

rādhase < rādhas

[noun], dative, singular, neuter

“gift; munificence; liberality; bounty.”

gīrbhir < gīrbhiḥ < gir

[noun], instrumental, plural, feminine

“hymn; praise; voice; words; invocation; command; statement; cry; language.”

girvāha < gir

[noun], feminine

“hymn; praise; voice; words; invocation; command; statement; cry; language.”

girvāha < vāha

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“transporting; flowing; removing.”

stavamāna < stavamānaḥ < stu

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“laud; praise; declare; stu.”

ā

[adverb]

“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

gahi < gam

[verb], singular, Aorist imperative

“go; situate; enter (a state); travel; disappear; [in]; elapse; leave; reach; vanish; love; walk; approach; issue; hop on; gasify; get; come; die; drain; spread; transform; happen; discharge; ride; to be located; run; detect; refer; go; shall; drive.”

sumṛᄆīko < su

[adverb]

“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

sumṛᄆīko < mṛᄆīkaḥ < mṛḍīka

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“compassion; favor.”

na < naḥ < mad

[noun], accusative, plural

“I; mine.”

ā

[adverb]

“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

gahi < gam

[verb], singular, Aorist imperative

“go; situate; enter (a state); travel; disappear; [in]; elapse; leave; reach; vanish; love; walk; approach; issue; hop on; gasify; get; come; die; drain; spread; transform; happen; discharge; ride; to be located; run; detect; refer; go; shall; drive.”

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: