Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 1.79.9

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ नो॑ अग्ने सुचे॒तुना॑ र॒यिं वि॒श्वायु॑पोषसम् । मा॒र्डी॒कं धे॑हि जी॒वसे॑ ॥
आ नो अग्ने सुचेतुना रयिं विश्वायुपोषसम् । मार्डीकं धेहि जीवसे ॥
ā no agne sucetunā rayiṃ viśvāyupoṣasam | mārḍīkaṃ dhehi jīvase ||

English translation:

“Grant us, Agni, for our livelihood, wealth, with sound understanding, conferring happiness, and sustaining (us) through life.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gotamo rāhūgaṇaḥ [gotama rāhūgaṇa];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): agniḥ ;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ । नः॒ । अ॒ग्ने॒ । सु॒ऽचे॒तुना॑ । र॒यिम् । वि॒श्वायु॑ऽपोषसम् । मा॒र्डी॒कम् । धे॒हि॒ । जी॒वसे॑ ॥
आ । नः । अग्ने । सुचेतुना । रयिम् । विश्वायुपोषसम् । मार्डीकम् । धेहि । जीवसे ॥
ā | naḥ | agne | su-cetunā | rayim | viśvāyu-poṣasam | mārḍīkam | dhehi | jīvase

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.79.9 English analysis of grammar]



“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

no < naḥ < mad

[noun], accusative, plural

“I; mine.”

agne < agni

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“fire; Agni; sacrificial fire; digestion; cautery; Plumbago zeylanica; fire; vahni; agni [word]; agnikarman; gold; three; jāraṇa; pyre; fireplace; heating.”

sucetunā < su


“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

sucetunā < cetunā < cetu

[noun], instrumental, singular, masculine

rayiṃ < rayim < rayi

[noun], accusative, singular, feminine

“wealth; property.”

viśvāyupoṣasam < viśvāyu



viśvāyupoṣasam < poṣasam < poṣas

[noun], accusative, singular, feminine

mārḍīkaṃ < mārḍīkam < mārḍīka

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

dhehi < dhā

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“put; give; cause; get; hold; make; provide; lend; wear; install; have; enter (a state); supply; hold; take; show.”

jīvase < jīv

[verb noun]

“survive; be; exist; live on; dwell.”

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