Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 1.74.9

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

उ॒त द्यु॒मत्सु॒वीर्यं॑ बृ॒हद॑ग्ने विवाससि । दे॒वेभ्यो॑ देव दा॒शुषे॑ ॥
उत द्युमत्सुवीर्यं बृहदग्ने विवाससि । देवेभ्यो देव दाशुषे ॥
uta dyumat suvīryam bṛhad agne vivāsasi | devebhyo deva dāśuṣe ||

English translation:

“Verily, divine Agni, you are desirous of bestowing upon the offerer (of oblations) to the gods, ample (wealth), brilliant, and giving vigour.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gotamo rāhūgaṇaḥ [gotama rāhūgaṇa];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): agniḥ ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

उ॒त । द्यु॒ऽमत् । सु॒ऽवीर्य॑म् । बृ॒हत् । अ॒ग्ने॒ । वि॒वा॒स॒सि॒ । दे॒वेभ्यः॑ । दे॒व॒ । दा॒शुषे॑ ॥
उत । द्युमत् । सुवीर्यम् । बृहत् । अग्ने । विवाससि । देवेभ्यः । देव । दाशुषे ॥
uta | dyu-mat | su-vīryam | bṛhat | agne | vivāsasi | devebhyaḥ | deva | dāśuṣe

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.74.9 English analysis of grammar]

uta

[adverb]

“and; besides; uta [indecl.]; similarly; alike; even.”

dyumat

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“bright; brilliant; brilliant; loud.”

suvīryam < su

[adverb]

“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

suvīryam < vīryam < vīrya

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“potency; vīrya; heroism; potency; strength; semen; power; deed; active agent; efficacy; vīryapāramitā; gold; vigor; vīrya [word]; virility; manfulness; jewel; force.”

bṛhad < bṛhat

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“large; great; loud; high; much(a); exalted; abundant; intensive; strong; huge.”

agne < agni

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“fire; Agni; sacrificial fire; digestion; cautery; Plumbago zeylanica; fire; vahni; agni [word]; agnikarman; gold; three; jāraṇa; pyre; fireplace; heating.”

vivāsasi < vivās < √van

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“invite; endeavor; try for.”

devebhyo < devebhyaḥ < deva

[noun], ablative, plural, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

deva

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

dāśuṣe < dāś

[verb noun], dative, singular

“sacrifice; give.”

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