Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 1.65.4

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

वर्ध॑न्ती॒माप॑: प॒न्वा सुशि॑श्विमृ॒तस्य॒ योना॒ गर्भे॒ सुजा॑तम् ॥
वर्धन्तीमापः पन्वा सुशिश्विमृतस्य योना गर्भे सुजातम् ॥
vardhantīm āpaḥ panvā suśiśvim ṛtasya yonā garbhe sujātam ||

English translation:

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): parāśaraḥ śāktaḥ [parāśara śākta];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): agniḥ ;
Chandas (meter): virāṭpaṅkti ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

वर्ध॑न्ति । ई॒म् । आपः॑ । प॒न्वा । सुऽशि॑श्विम् । ऋ॒तस्य॑ । योना॑ । गर्भे॑ । सुऽजा॑तम् ॥
वर्धन्ति । ईम् । आपः । पन्वा । सुशिश्विम् । ऋतस्य । योना । गर्भे । सुजातम् ॥
vardhanti | īm | āpaḥ | panvā | su-śiśvim | ṛtasya | yonā | garbhe | su-jātam

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.65.4 English analysis of grammar]

vardhantīm < vardhanti < vṛdh

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“increase; grow; vṛdh; increase; succeed; strengthen; grow up; spread.”

vardhantīm < īm < īṃ

[adverb]

āpaḥ < ap

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine

“water; body of water; water; ap [word]; juice; jala.”

panvā < panū

[noun], accusative, dual, feminine

suśiśvim < suśiśvi

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

ṛtasya < ṛta

[noun], genitive, singular, neuter

“truth; order; fixed order; ṛta [word]; law; custom; custom.”

yonā < yoni

[noun], locative, singular, feminine

“vagina; vulva; uterus; beginning; origin; reincarnation; birthplace; family; production; cause; race; grain; raw material; birth; kind; caste; kinship; bed.”

garbhe < garbha

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

“fetus; garbha; inside; cavity; embryo; uterus; child; pit; garbhadruti; filling; pregnancy; room; abdomen; fertilization; inside; hole; baby; calyx; midst.”

sujātam < su

[adverb]

“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

sujātam < jātam < jan

[verb noun], accusative, singular

“become; originate; be born; transform; happen; result; grow; beget; produce; create; conceive; separate; cause; give birth; grow; produce; generate; be; become; arise; come on.”

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