Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 1.61.8

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒स्मा इदु॒ ग्नाश्चि॑द्दे॒वप॑त्नी॒रिन्द्रा॑या॒र्कम॑हि॒हत्य॑ ऊवुः । परि॒ द्यावा॑पृथि॒वी ज॑भ्र उ॒र्वी नास्य॒ ते म॑हि॒मानं॒ परि॑ ष्टः ॥
अस्मा इदु ग्नाश्चिद्देवपत्नीरिन्द्रायार्कमहिहत्य ऊवुः । परि द्यावापृथिवी जभ्र उर्वी नास्य ते महिमानं परि ष्टः ॥
asmā id u gnāś cid devapatnīr indrāyārkam ahihatya ūvuḥ | pari dyāvāpṛthivī jabhra urvī nāsya te mahimānam pari ṣṭaḥ ||

English translation:

“To that Indra the women, the wives of the gods, addressed their hymns, on the destruction of Ahi; he encompasses the extensive heaven and earth; they two do not surpass your vastness.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Wives of the gods are person nified gāyatrī and other metres of the Vedas; gnāḥ, preceding devapatnīḥ means: feminine les whose nature is locomotive: gamanasvabhāvaḥ


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): nodhā gautamaḥ [nodhas gautama];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): bhurikpaṅkti ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒स्मै । इत् । ऊँ॒ इति॑ । ग्नाः । चि॒त् । दे॒वऽप॑त्नीः । इन्द्रा॑य । अ॒र्कम् । अ॒हि॒ऽहत्ये॑ । ऊ॒वु॒रित्यू॑वुः । परि॑ । द्यावा॑पृथि॒वी इति॑ । ज॑भ्रे॒ । उ॒र्वी इति॑ । न । अ॒स्य॒ । ते इति॑ । म॒हि॒मान॑म् । परि॑ । स्त॒ इति॑ स्तः ॥
अस्मै । इत् । ऊँ इति । ग्नाः । चित् । देवपत्नीः । इन्द्राय । अर्कम् । अहिहत्ये । ऊवुरित्यूवुः । परि । द्यावापृथिवी इति । जभ्रे । उर्वी इति । न । अस्य । ते इति । महिमानम् । परि । स्त इति स्तः ॥
asmai | it | oṃ iti | gnāḥ | cit | deva-patnīḥ | indrāya | arkam | ahi-hatye | ūvur ity ūvuḥ | pari | dyāvāpṛthivī iti | jabhre | urvī iti | na | asya | te iti | mahimānam | pari | staitistaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.61.8 English analysis of grammar]

asmā < asmai < idam

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”



“indeed; assuredly; entirely.”



“ukāra; besides; now; indeed; u.”

gnāś < gnāḥ < gnā

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine


cid < cit


“even; indeed.”

devapatnīr < deva

[noun], masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

devapatnīr < patnīḥ < patnī

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine

“wife; mistress; queen.”

indrāyārkam < indrāya < indra

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

indrāyārkam < arkam < arka

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Calotropis gigantea Beng.; sun; copper; Surya; hymn; twelve; fire; beam.”

ahihatya < ahi

[noun], masculine

“snake; lead; nāga; Nāga; ahi [word]; Vṛtra.”

ahihatya < hatye < hatya

[noun], locative, singular, neuter


ūvuḥ < ve

[verb], plural, Perfect indicative




“from; about; around.”


[noun], accusative, dual, feminine

“heaven and earth; dyāvāpṛthivī [word].”

jabhra < jabhre < bhṛ

[verb], singular, Perfect indicative

“bring; hold; fill; support; wear; possess; carry; nourish; keep; hire; have; satiate; follow; bear.”

urvī < uru

[noun], accusative, dual, feminine

“wide; broad; great; uru [word]; much(a); excellent.”

nāsya < na


“not; like; no; na [word].”

nāsya < asya < idam

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

te < tad

[noun], nominative, dual, feminine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

mahimānam < mahiman

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“greatness; power; mahiman.”



“from; about; around.”

ṣṭaḥ < staḥ < as

[verb], dual, Present indikative

“be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

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