Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 1.42.5

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ तत्ते॑ दस्र मन्तुम॒: पूष॒न्नवो॑ वृणीमहे । येन॑ पि॒तॄनचो॑दयः ॥
आ तत्ते दस्र मन्तुमः पूषन्नवो वृणीमहे । येन पितॄनचोदयः ॥
ā tat te dasra mantumaḥ pūṣann avo vṛṇīmahe | yena pitṝn acodayaḥ ||

English translation:

“Sagacious and handsome Pūṣan, we solicit of you that protection wherewith you have encouraged the patriarchs.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kaṇvo ghauraḥ [kaṇva ghaura];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): pūṣā ;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ । तत् । ते॒ । द॒स्र॒ । म॒न्तु॒ऽमः॒ । पू॒ष॒न् । अवः॑ । वृ॒णी॒म॒हे॒ । येन॑ । पि॒तॄन् । अचो॑दयः ॥
आ । तत् । ते । दस्र । मन्तुमः । पूषन् । अवः । वृणीमहे । येन । पितॄन् । अचोदयः ॥
ā | tat | te | dasra | mantu-maḥ | pūṣan | avaḥ | vṛṇīmahe | yena | pitṝn | acodayaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.42.5 English analysis of grammar]



“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

tat < tad

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

te < tvad

[noun], genitive, singular



[noun], vocative, singular, masculine


mantumaḥ < mantumas < mantumat

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine


pūṣann < pūṣan

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Pushan; pūṣan [word]; sun.”

avo < avaḥ < avas

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“aid; favor; protection.”

vṛṇīmahe < vṛ

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“choose; ask.”

yena < yad

[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

pitṝn < pitṛ

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine

“father; Pitṛ; ancestor; parent; paternal ancestor; pitṛ [word]; forefather.”

acodayaḥ < coday < √cud

[verb], singular, Imperfect

“impel; drive; incite; command; drive; arouse; propel.”

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