Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 1.38.14

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

मि॒मी॒हि श्लोक॑मा॒स्ये॑ प॒र्जन्य॑ इव ततनः । गाय॑ गाय॒त्रमु॒क्थ्य॑म् ॥
मिमीहि श्लोकमास्ये पर्जन्य इव ततनः । गाय गायत्रमुक्थ्यम् ॥
mimīhi ślokam āsye parjanya iva tatanaḥ | gāya gāyatram ukthyam ||

English translation:

“Utter the verse that is in your mouths, spread it out like a cloud spreading rain; chant the measured hymn.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kaṇvo ghauraḥ [kaṇva ghaura];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): marūtaḥ;
Chandas (meter): yavamadhyāvirāḍgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

मि॒मी॒हि । श्लोक॑म् । आ॒स्ये॑ । प॒र्जन्यः॑ऽइव । त॒त॒नः॒ । गाय॑ । गा॒य॒त्रम् । उ॒क्थ्य॑म् ॥
मिमीहि । श्लोकम् । आस्ये । पर्जन्यःइव । ततनः । गाय । गायत्रम् । उक्थ्यम् ॥
mimīhi | ślokam | āsye | parjanyaḥ-iva | tatanaḥ | gāya | gāyatram | ukthyam

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.38.14 English analysis of grammar]

mimīhi <

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“weigh; measure; total; last; weigh; measure; give away; transform.”

ślokam < śloka

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Śloka; fame; hymn; śloka [word]; praise; glory; verse.”

āsye < āsya

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“mouth; mouth; aperture; face; mukha; jaw; point.”

parjanya < parjanyaḥ < parjanya

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“cloud; Parjanya; Indra; nimbus.”



“like; as it were; somehow; just so.”

tatanaḥ < tan

[verb], singular, Perfect conjunctive (subj.)

“expand; perform; cause; increase; write; spread; produce; spread; speak; propagate.”

gāya <

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“sing; praise; jap; recite; describe.”

gāyatram < gāyatra

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“Gāyatrī; Gāyatra.”

ukthyam < ukthya

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter


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