Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 1.38.13

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अच्छा॑ वदा॒ तना॑ गि॒रा ज॒रायै॒ ब्रह्म॑ण॒स्पति॑म् । अ॒ग्निं मि॒त्रं न द॑र्श॒तम् ॥
अच्छा वदा तना गिरा जरायै ब्रह्मणस्पतिम् । अग्निं मित्रं न दर्शतम् ॥
acchā vadā tanā girā jarāyai brahmaṇas patim | agnim mitraṃ na darśatam ||

English translation:

“Declare in our presence, (priests), with voice attuned to praise Brahmaṇaspati (lord of the sacriricial food), Agni and the beautiful Mitra.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kaṇvo ghauraḥ [kaṇva ghaura];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): marūtaḥ;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अच्छ॑ । व॒द॒ । तना॑ । गि॒रा । ज॒रायै॑ । ब्रह्म॑णः । पति॑म् । अ॒ग्निम् । मि॒त्रम् । न । द॒र्श॒तम् ॥
अच्छ । वद । तना । गिरा । जरायै । ब्रह्मणः । पतिम् । अग्निम् । मित्रम् । न । दर्शतम् ॥
accha | vada | tanā | girā | jarāyai | brahmaṇaḥ | patim | agnim | mitram | na | darśatam

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.38.13 English analysis of grammar]

acchā

[adverb]

“towards; accha [prefix].”

vadā < vada < vad

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“describe; teach; speak; tell; say; call; name; enumerate; declare; diagnose; address; say; pronounce; express; instruct; order.”

tanā < tan

[noun], instrumental, singular, feminine

“continuity; sequence; longevity.”

girā < giri

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

“mountain; adri; rock; giri [word]; hill; śilājatu.”

jarāyai < jarā

[noun], dative, singular, feminine

“old age; decrepitude; digestion; Jarā; jarā [word]; vṛddhabandha; grey hair.”

brahmaṇaspatim < brahmaṇaspati

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Brahmaṇaspati.”

agnim < agni

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“fire; Agni; sacrificial fire; digestion; cautery; Plumbago zeylanica; fire; vahni; agni [word]; agnikarman; gold; three; jāraṇa; pyre; fireplace; heating.”

mitraṃ < mitram < mitra

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“friend; Mitra; mitra [word]; sun; ally.”

na

[adverb]

“not; like; no; na [word].”

darśatam < darśata

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“beautiful; visible; beautiful.”

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