Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 1.38.12

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

स्थि॒रा व॑: सन्तु ने॒मयो॒ रथा॒ अश्वा॑स एषाम् । सुसं॑स्कृता अ॒भीश॑वः ॥
स्थिरा वः सन्तु नेमयो रथा अश्वास एषाम् । सुसंस्कृता अभीशवः ॥
sthirā vaḥ santu nemayo rathā aśvāsa eṣām | susaṃskṛtā abhīśavaḥ ||

English translation:

“May the felloes of your wheels be firm; may your cars and their steeds be steady, and your fingers well-skilled (to hold the reins).”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kaṇvo ghauraḥ [kaṇva ghaura];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): marūtaḥ;
Chandas (meter): pipīlikāmadhyānicṛdgāyatrī;;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

स्थि॒राः । वः॒ । स॒न्तु॒ । ने॒मयः॑ । रथाः॑ । अश्वा॑सः । ए॒षा॒म् । सुऽसं॑स्कृताः । अ॒भीश॑वः ॥
स्थिराः । वः । सन्तु । नेमयः । रथाः । अश्वासः । एषाम् । सुसंस्कृताः । अभीशवः ॥
sthirāḥ | vaḥ | santu | nemayaḥ | rathāḥ | aśvāsaḥ | eṣām | su-saṃskṛtāḥ | abhīśavaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.38.12 English analysis of grammar]

sthirā < sthirāḥ < sthira

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“firm; hard; lasting; calm; stable; immovable; firm; strong; sthira [word]; vegetable; potent; steadfast; durable; firm; trustworthy; trustworthy; diligent.”

vaḥ < tvad

[noun], genitive, plural


santu < as

[verb], plural, Present imperative

“be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

nemayo < nemayaḥ < nemi

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“rim; felloe.”

rathā < rathāḥ < ratha

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“chariot; warrior; ratha [word]; Dalbergia oojeinensis; rattan.”

aśvāsa < aśvāsaḥ < aśva

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“horse; aśva [word]; Aśva; stallion.”

eṣām < idam

[noun], genitive, plural, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

susaṃskṛtā < su


“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

susaṃskṛtā < saṃskṛtāḥ < saṃskṛ < √kṛ

[verb noun], nominative, plural

“prepare; prepare; consecrate; perfect; marry; perfect; process.”

abhīśavaḥ < abhīśu

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“beam; rein.”

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