Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 1.38.8

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

वा॒श्रेव॑ वि॒द्युन्मि॑माति व॒त्सं न मा॒ता सि॑षक्ति । यदे॑षां वृ॒ष्टिरस॑र्जि ॥
वाश्रेव विद्युन्मिमाति वत्सं न माता सिषक्ति । यदेषां वृष्टिरसर्जि ॥
vāśreva vidyun mimāti vatsaṃ na mātā siṣakti | yad eṣāṃ vṛṣṭir asarji ||

English translation:

“The lightning roars like a parent cow that bellows for its calf, and hence the rain is set free by the Maruts.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kaṇvo ghauraḥ [kaṇva ghaura];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): marūtaḥ;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

वा॒श्राऽइ॑व । वि॒ऽद्युत् । मि॒मा॒ति॒ । व॒त्सम् । न । मा॒ता । सि॒ष॒क्ति॒ । य॒त् । ए॒षा॒म् । वृ॒ष्टिः । अस॑र्जि ॥
वाश्राइव । विद्युत् । मिमाति । वत्सम् । न । माता । सिषक्ति । यत् । एषाम् । वृष्टिः । असर्जि ॥
vāśrāiva | vi-dyut | mimāti | vatsam | na | mātā | siṣakti | yat | eṣām | vṛṣṭiḥ | asarji

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.38.8 English analysis of grammar]

vāśreva < vāśrā

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“cow.”

vāśreva < iva

[adverb]

“like; as it were; somehow; just so.”

vidyun < vidyut

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“lightning; Vidyut; thunderbolt.”

mimāti <

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“moo; howl.”

vatsaṃ < vatsam < vatsa

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“calf; child; Vatsa; vatsa [word]; juvenile; Vatsa; Vatsa; Vatsa; son; male child.”

na

[adverb]

“not; like; no; na [word].”

mātā < mātṛ

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“mother; mātṛkā; mātṛ [word]; parent; Salvinia cucullata Roxb.; Citrullus colocynthis Schrad.; cow.”

siṣakti < sac

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“accompany; follow; company; obey; participate; enter.”

yad < yat

[adverb]

“once [when]; because; that; if; how.”

eṣāṃ < eṣām < idam

[noun], genitive, plural, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

vṛṣṭir < vṛṣṭiḥ < vṛṣṭi

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“rain; shower; rainy season.”

asarji < sṛj

[verb], singular, Aorist passive

“create; shoot; discharge; free; cause; throw; emit; send; produce; use; be born; make.”

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