Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 1.38.5

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

मा वो॑ मृ॒गो न यव॑से जरि॒ता भू॒दजो॑ष्यः । प॒था य॒मस्य॑ गा॒दुप॑ ॥
मा वो मृगो न यवसे जरिता भूदजोष्यः । पथा यमस्य गादुप ॥
mā vo mṛgo na yavase jaritā bhūd ajoṣyaḥ | pathā yamasya gād upa ||

English translation:

“Never may your worshipper be indifferent to you, as a deer (is never indifferent) to pasture, so that he may not tread the path of Yama.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kaṇvo ghauraḥ [kaṇva ghaura];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): marūtaḥ;
Chandas (meter): pipīlikāmadhyānicṛdgāyatrī;;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

मा । वः॒ । मृ॒गः । न । यव॑से । ज॒रि॒ता । भू॒त् । अजो॑ष्यः । प॒था । य॒मस्य॑ । गा॒त् । उप॑ ॥
मा । वः । मृगः । न । यवसे । जरिता । भूत् । अजोष्यः । पथा । यमस्य । गात् । उप ॥
mā | vaḥ | mṛgaḥ | na | yavase | jaritā | bhūt | ajoṣyaḥ | pathā | yamasya | gāt | upa

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.38.5 English analysis of grammar]



vo < vaḥ < tvad

[noun], genitive, plural


mṛgo < mṛgaḥ < mṛga

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“game; deer; animal; antelope; mṛga [word]; Mṛgaśiras.”



“not; like; no; na [word].”

yavase < yavasa

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

“eatage; pasture; fodder.”

jaritā < jaritṛ

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine


bhūd < bhūt < bhū

[verb], singular, Aorist inj. (proh.)

“become; be; originate; transform; happen; result; exist; be born; be; be; come to life; grow; elapse; come to mind; thrive; become; impend; show; conceive; understand; stand; constitute; serve; apply; behave.”

ajoṣyaḥ < ajoṣya

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

pathā < pathin

[noun], instrumental, singular, masculine

“way; road; path [word]; journey; method.”

yamasya < yama

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“Yama; yama; twin; yam; Yama; two; bridle; yama [word]; Asvins.”

gād < gāt <

[verb], singular, Aorist inj. (proh.)

“go; enter (a state); arrive.”



“towards; on; next.”

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