Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 1.38.1

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

कद्ध॑ नू॒नं क॑धप्रियः पि॒ता पु॒त्रं न हस्त॑योः । द॒धि॒ध्वे वृ॑क्तबर्हिषः ॥
कद्ध नूनं कधप्रियः पिता पुत्रं न हस्तयोः । दधिध्वे वृक्तबर्हिषः ॥
kad dha nūnaṃ kadhapriyaḥ pitā putraṃ na hastayoḥ | dadhidhve vṛktabarhiṣaḥ ||

English translation:

Maruts, who are fond of praise, and for whom the sacred grass is trimmed, when will you take us by both hands as a father does his son?”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kaṇvo ghauraḥ [kaṇva ghaura];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): marūtaḥ;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

कत् । ह॒ । नू॒नम् । क॒ध॒ऽप्रि॒यः॒ । पि॒ता । पु॒त्रम् । न । हस्त॑योः । द॒धि॒ध्वे । वृ॒क्त॒ऽब॒र्हि॒षः॒ ॥
कत् । ह । नूनम् । कधप्रियः । पिता । पुत्रम् । न । हस्तयोः । दधिध्वे । वृक्तबर्हिषः ॥
kat | ha | nūnam | kadha-priyaḥ | pitā | putram | na | hastayoḥ | dadhidhve | vṛkta-barhiṣaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.38.1 English analysis of grammar]

kaddha < kad < ka

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“what; who; ka [pronoun].”

kaddha < ha


“indeed; ha [word].”

nūnaṃ < nūnam


“now; surely; immediately; just.”

kadhapriyaḥ < kadhapriya

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

pitā < pitṛ

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“father; Pitṛ; ancestor; parent; paternal ancestor; pitṛ [word]; forefather.”

putraṃ < putram < putra

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“son; putra [word]; male child; Putra; Bodhisattva.”



“not; like; no; na [word].”

hastayoḥ < hasta

[noun], locative, dual, masculine

“hand; hand; proboscis; hasta [word]; autograph.”

dadhidhve < dhā

[verb], plural, Perfect indicative

“put; give; cause; get; hold; make; provide; lend; wear; install; have; enter (a state); supply; hold; take; show.”

vṛktabarhiṣaḥ < vṛkta < vṛj

[verb noun]

vṛktabarhiṣaḥ < barhiṣaḥ < barhis

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“Barhis; barhis [word].”

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