Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 1.37.15

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अस्ति॒ हि ष्मा॒ मदा॑य व॒: स्मसि॑ ष्मा व॒यमे॑षाम् । विश्वं॑ चि॒दायु॑र्जी॒वसे॑ ॥
अस्ति हि ष्मा मदाय वः स्मसि ष्मा वयमेषाम् । विश्वं चिदायुर्जीवसे ॥
asti hi ṣmā madāya vaḥ smasi ṣmā vayam eṣām | viśvaṃ cid āyur jīvase ||

English translation:

“The offering is prepared for your gratification; we are your (worshipper), that we may live all our life.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kaṇvo ghauraḥ [kaṇva ghaura];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): marūtaḥ;
Chandas (meter): pipīlikāmadhyānicṛdgāyatrī;;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अस्ति॑ । हि । स्म॒ । मदा॑य । वः॒ । स्मसि॑ । स्म॒ । व॒यम् । ए॒षा॒म् । विश्व॑म् । चि॒त् । आयुः॑ । जी॒वसे॑ ॥
अस्ति । हि । स्म । मदाय । वः । स्मसि । स्म । वयम् । एषाम् । विश्वम् । चित् । आयुः । जीवसे ॥
asti | hi | sma | madāya | vaḥ | smasi | sma | vayam | eṣām | viśvam | cit | āyuḥ | jīvase

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.37.15 English analysis of grammar]

asti < as

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

hi

[adverb]

“because; indeed; for; therefore; hi [word].”

ṣmā < sma

[adverb]

madāya < mada

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“drunkenness; mada; estrus; excitement; sexual arousal; alcohol; musth; mad; mada; ecstasy; pride; drink; joy; arrogance; vivification.”

vaḥ < tvad

[noun], genitive, plural

“you.”

smasi < as

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

ṣmā < sma

[adverb]

vayam < mad

[noun], nominative, plural

“I; mine.”

eṣām < idam

[noun], genitive, plural, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

viśvaṃ < viśvam < viśva

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“all(a); whole; complete; each(a); viśva [word]; completely; wholly.”

cid < cit

[adverb]

“even; indeed.”

āyur < āyuḥ < āyus

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“life; longevity; āyus; life; āyus [word]; Āyus.”

jīvase < jīv

[verb noun]

“survive; be; exist; live on; dwell.”

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