Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 1.37.6

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

को वो॒ वर्षि॑ष्ठ॒ आ न॑रो दि॒वश्च॒ ग्मश्च॑ धूतयः । यत्सी॒मन्तं॒ न धू॑नु॒थ ॥
को वो वर्षिष्ठ आ नरो दिवश्च ग्मश्च धूतयः । यत्सीमन्तं न धूनुथ ॥
ko vo varṣiṣṭha ā naro divaś ca gmaś ca dhūtayaḥ | yat sīm antaṃ na dhūnutha ||

English translation:

“Which is the chief leader among you, agitators of heaven and earth, who shake all around like the top (of a tree)?”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kaṇvo ghauraḥ [kaṇva ghaura];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): marūtaḥ;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

कः । वः । वर्षि॑ष्ठः । आ । न॒रः॒ । दि॒वः । च॒ । ग्मः । च॒ । धू॒त॒यः॒ । यत् । सी॒म् । अन्त॑म् । न । धू॒नु॒थ ॥
कः । वः । वर्षिष्ठः । आ । नरः । दिवः । च । ग्मः । च । धूतयः । यत् । सीम् । अन्तम् । न । धूनुथ ॥
kaḥ | vaḥ | varṣiṣṭhaḥ | ā | naraḥ | divaḥ | ca | gmaḥ | ca | dhūtayaḥ | yat | sīm | antam | na | dhūnutha

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.37.6 English analysis of grammar]

ko < kaḥ < ka

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“what; who; ka [pronoun].”

vo < vaḥ < tvad

[noun], genitive, plural


varṣiṣṭha < varṣiṣṭhaḥ < varṣiṣṭha

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine




“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

naro < naraḥ < nṛ

[noun], vocative, plural, masculine

“man; man; nṛ [word]; crew; masculine.”

divaś < divaḥ < div

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“sky; Svarga; day; div [word]; heaven and earth; day; dawn.”



“and; besides; then; now; even.”

gmaś < gmaḥ < gam

[noun], genitive, singular, feminine




“and; besides; then; now; even.”

dhūtayaḥ < dhūti

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine




“once [when]; because; that; if; how.”



antaṃ < antam < anta

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“end; last syllable; end; end; boundary; inside; border; death; anta [word]; edge; end; shore; limit; region; outskirt; destruction; boundary; limit; anta; termination; corner; conclusion; hem; end; ant; edge.”



“not; like; no; na [word].”

dhūnutha < dhū

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“shake; remove; chase away.”

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