Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 1.34.3

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

स॒मा॒ने अह॒न्त्रिर॑वद्यगोहना॒ त्रिर॒द्य य॒ज्ञं मधु॑ना मिमिक्षतम् । त्रिर्वाज॑वती॒रिषो॑ अश्विना यु॒वं दो॒षा अ॒स्मभ्य॑मु॒षस॑श्च पिन्वतम् ॥
समाने अहन्त्रिरवद्यगोहना त्रिरद्य यज्ञं मधुना मिमिक्षतम् । त्रिर्वाजवतीरिषो अश्विना युवं दोषा अस्मभ्यमुषसश्च पिन्वतम् ॥
samāne ahan trir avadyagohanā trir adya yajñam madhunā mimikṣatam | trir vājavatīr iṣo aśvinā yuvaṃ doṣā asmabhyam uṣasaś ca pinvatam ||

English translation:

“Thrice in one entire day do you repair the faults (of your worshippers); thrice today sprinkle the oblation with sweetness; and thrice, evening and morning, Aśvins, grant us strength-bestowing food.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): hiraṇyastūpa āṅgirasaḥ [hiraṇyastūpa āṅgirasa];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): aśvinau ;
Chandas (meter): jagatī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

स॒मा॒ने । अह॑न् । त्रिः । अ॒व॒द्य॒ऽगो॒ह॒ना॒ । त्रिः । अ॒द्य । य॒ज्ञम् । मधु॑ना । मि॒मि॒क्ष॒त॒म् । त्रिः । वाज॑वतीः । इषः॑ । अ॒श्वि॒ना॒ । यु॒वम् । दो॒षा । अ॒स्मभ्य॑म् । उ॒षसः॑ । च॒ । पि॒न्व॒त॒म् ॥
समाने । अहन् । त्रिः । अवद्यगोहना । त्रिः । अद्य । यज्ञम् । मधुना । मिमिक्षतम् । त्रिः । वाजवतीः । इषः । अश्विना । युवम् । दोषा । अस्मभ्यम् । उषसः । च । पिन्वतम् ॥
samāne | ahan | triḥ | avadya-gohanā | triḥ | adya | yajñam | madhunā | mimikṣatam | triḥ | vājavatīḥ | iṣaḥ | aśvinā | yuvam | doṣā | asmabhyam | uṣasaḥ | ca | pinvatam

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.34.3 English analysis of grammar]

samāne < samāna

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“like; identical; common; like; alike(p); same; samāna [word]; akin(p); comparable; identical; mutual; equal.”

ahan < ahar

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“day; day; ahar [word]; day; day.”

trir < tris

[adverb]

“thrice; tris [word].”

avadyagohanā < avadya

[noun]

“blameworthy; avadya [word].”

avadyagohanā < gohanā < gohana

[noun], vocative, dual, masculine

“concealing.”

trir < tris

[adverb]

“thrice; tris [word].”

adya

[adverb]

“now; today; then; nowadays; adya [word].”

yajñam < yajña

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“yajña; religious ceremony; Vishnu; yajña [word]; Yajña; Shiva.”

madhunā < madhu

[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter

“honey; alcohol; sweet; nectar; madhu [word].”

mimikṣatam < mikṣ

[verb], dual, Perfect imperative

“season.”

trir < tris

[adverb]

“thrice; tris [word].”

vājavatīr < vājavatīḥ < vājavat

[noun], accusative, plural, feminine

iṣo < iṣaḥ < iṣ

[noun], accusative, plural, feminine

“refreshment; enjoyment; stores.”

aśvinā < aśvin

[noun], vocative, dual, masculine

“Asvins; two.”

yuvaṃ < yuvam < tvad

[noun], nominative, dual

“you.”

doṣā

[adverb]

“in the evening.”

asmabhyam < mad

[noun], dative, plural

“I; mine.”

uṣasaś < uṣasaḥ < uṣas

[noun], genitive, singular, feminine

“Ushas; dawn; uṣas [word]; morning.”

ca

[adverb]

“and; besides; then; now; even.”

pinvatam < pinv

[verb], dual, Present imperative

“swell; swell; overflow; abound.”

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