Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 1.23.16

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒म्बयो॑ य॒न्त्यध्व॑भिर्जा॒मयो॑ अध्वरीय॒ताम् । पृ॒ञ्च॒तीर्मधु॑ना॒ पय॑: ॥
अम्बयो यन्त्यध्वभिर्जामयो अध्वरीयताम् । पृञ्चतीर्मधुना पयः ॥
ambayo yanty adhvabhir jāmayo adhvarīyatām | pṛñcatīr madhunā payaḥ ||

English translation:

“Mothers to us, who are desirous of sacrificing, the kindred (waters) flow by the paths (of sacrifice) qualifying the milk (of kine) with sweetnesṣ”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Ambayaḥ = mothers or āpo vā ambayaḥ, mothers who are waters


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): medhātithiḥ kāṇvaḥ [medhātithi kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): āpaḥ ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒म्बयः॑ । य॒न्ति॒ । अध्व॑ऽभिः । जा॒मयः॑ । अ॒ध्व॒रि॒ऽय॒ताम् । पृ॒ञ्च॒तीः । मधु॑ना । पयः॑ ॥
अम्बयः । यन्ति । अध्वभिः । जामयः । अध्वरियताम् । पृञ्चतीः । मधुना । पयः ॥
ambayaḥ | yanti | adhva-bhiḥ | jāmayaḥ | adhvari-yatām | pṛñcatīḥ | madhunā | payaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.23.16 English analysis of grammar]

ambayo < ambayaḥ < ambi

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine


yanty < yanti < i

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“go; travel; enter (a state); return; walk; continue; reach; ask.”

adhvabhir < adhvabhiḥ < adhvan

[noun], instrumental, plural, masculine

“way; journey; adhvan [word]; time; path; method; road; time; distance.”

jāmayo < jāmayaḥ < jāmi

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine

“sister; woman; daughter-in-law.”

adhvarīyatām < adhvarīy

[verb noun], genitive, plural


pṛñcatīr < pṛñcatīḥ < pṛc

[verb noun], nominative, plural

“mix; unite.”

madhunā < madhu

[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter

“honey; alcohol; sweet; nectar; madhu [word].”

payaḥ < payas

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“milk; milky juice; water; fluid; juice; payas [word]; drink.”

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: