Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 1.7.3

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

इन्द्रो॑ दी॒र्घाय॒ चक्ष॑स॒ आ सूर्यं॑ रोहयद्दि॒वि । वि गोभि॒रद्रि॑मैरयत् ॥
इन्द्रो दीर्घाय चक्षस आ सूर्यं रोहयद्दिवि । वि गोभिरद्रिमैरयत् ॥
indro dīrghāya cakṣasa ā sūryaṃ rohayad divi | vi gobhir adrim airayat ||

English translation:

Indra, to render all things visible, elevated the sun in the sky, and charged the cloud with (abundant) waters.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Vṛtra envelopes the world in darkness; to remove darkness, Indra elevated the sun (ā-rohayat = sthāpitavān, plural ced) in the dyu-loka (heaven)


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): madhucchandāḥ vaiśvāmitraḥ [madhucchandas vaiśvāmitra];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

इन्द्रः॑ । दी॒र्घाय॑ । चक्ष॑से॑ । आ । सूर्य॑म् । रो॒ह॒य॒त् । दि॒वि । वि । गोभिः॑ । अद्रि॑म् । ऐ॒र॒य॒त् ॥
इन्द्रः । दीर्घाय । चक्षसे । आ । सूर्यम् । रोहयत् । दिवि । वि । गोभिः । अद्रिम् । ऐरयत् ॥
indraḥ | dīrghāya | cakṣase | ā | sūryam | rohayat | divi | vi | gobhiḥ | adrim | airayat

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.7.3 English analysis of grammar]

indro < indraḥ < indra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

dīrghāya < dīrgha

[noun], dative, singular, neuter

“long; long; long; large; far; deep; dīrgha [word].”

cakṣasa < cakṣase < cakṣas

[noun], dative, singular, neuter

“eye; look; radiance.”



“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

sūryaṃ < sūryam < sūrya

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“sun; Surya; sūrya [word]; right nostril; twelve; Calotropis gigantea Beng.; sūryakānta; sunlight; best.”

rohayad < rohayat < rohay < √ruh

[verb], singular, Imperfect

divi < div

[noun], locative, singular

“sky; Svarga; day; div [word]; heaven and earth; day; dawn.”



“apart; away; away.”

gobhir < gobhiḥ < go

[noun], instrumental, plural

“cow; cattle; go [word]; Earth; bull; floor; milk; beam; sunbeam; leather; hide; horn; language; bowstring; earth; ox; Svarga.”

adrim < adri

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“mountain; rock; seven; stone; adri; grindstone; adri; rock.”

airayat < īray < √īr

[verb], singular, Imperfect

“name; describe; propel; shoot; state; call; raise; expel; tell; enumerate.”

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