by Hermann Oldenberg | 1886 | 27,910 words

The Grihya-sutra of Paraskara, which belongs to the White Yajurveda and forms an appendix to Katyayana's Shrauta-sutra, has been edited, with a German translation. Alternative titles: Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra (पारस्कर-गृह्य-सूत्र), Grhya, Pāraskaragṛhyasūtra (पारस्करगृह्यसूत्र), Paraskaragrihyasutra, Paraskaragrhyasutra....

Adhyāya II, Kaṇḍikā 7

1. We shall state the rules of conduct for a Snātaka.

2. Another (may observe those rules) optionally.

3[1]. Dancing, singing, and playing musical instruments, let him neither perform himself nor go (to see or hear it).

4[2]. Sing, however, he may at his pleasure, for there is another saying, 'He sings either or he rejoices in (other people's) singing.'

5[3]. If everything goes well, he shall not go by night to another village, and shall not run.

6[4]. He shall avoid looking into a well, climbing up a tree, gathering fruits, crawling through narrow openings, bathing naked, jumping over uneven ground, using harsh language, looking at the sun while it is rising or setting, and begging. For there is a Śruti: 'After he has bathed, he should not beg. For he who bathes, drives away from himself begging.'

7. If it rains, he shall go without an upper garment, and shall say, 'May this, my thunderbolt, drive away evil.'

8. He shall not look at himself in water.

9. Ajātalomnīṃ vipuṃsīṃ shaṇḍhaṃ ca nopahaset.

10. Let him call a pregnant woman 'vijanyā' (one who will give birth to a child);

11. An ichneumon (nakula), sakula;

12[5]. A skull (kapāla), bhagāla;

13[6]. A rainbow (Indra-dhanu, Indra's bow), maṇidhanu (the jewelled bow).

14[7]. A cow that suckles (her calf) he should not point out to another (person).

15[8]. Let him not void urine or excrements on a ploughed field, on uncovered ground, or while rising up or standing.

16. He shall wipe himself with wood that has fallen off by itself.

17[9]. He should not wear a dyed garment.

18. He should be fixed in his intentions, protect everybody's life, and be everybody's friend, as it were.

Footnotes and references:


7, 3. Comp. the similar rule given in the Buddhist Vinaya, Mahāvagga I, 56.


Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa VI, 1, 1, 15.


If no accident happens that makes his going to another village necessary.


The passage of the Śruti quoted is found in the Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa XI, 3, 3, 7. Comp. Vasiṣṭha XII, 2, 10, 25; Gautama IX, 32, 61, &c.


Gautama IX, 2 1.


Gautama IX, 22; Vasiṣṭha XII, 32. 33; Āpastamba I, 31, 18.


Gautama IX, 23; Āpastamba I, 31, 10.


Gautama IX, 38; Vasiṣṭha XII, 13; Āpastamba I, 30, 15. 18. Before easing himself, he shall first cover the ground with grass or the like.


Gautama IX, 4; Āpastamba I, 30, 10.

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