Panchatantra [sanskrit]

by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha | 2016 | 13,828 words | ISBN-13: 9788193077962

The Sanskrit edition of the Panchatantra referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Vishnu Sharma and possibly dating as early as 1200 BCE, the Panchatantra (or Pancatantra) represents a collection of short stories teaching basic ethical values and moral conduct that was commonly practiced in ancient Indian. Alternative titles: Śrīviṣṇuśarman Pañcatantra (श्रीविष्णुशर्मन् पञ्चतन्त्र, Śrī-viṣṇuśarman pancatantra, श्री-विष्णुशर्मन्, Sri-visnusarman)

अरक्षितं तिष्ठति दैव-रक्षितं सुरक्षितं दैव-हतं विनश्यति ।
जीवत्य् अनाथो ऽपि वने विसर्जितः कृत-प्रयत्नो ऽपि गृहे न जीवति ॥ ४२ ॥

arakṣitaṃ tiṣṭhati daiva-rakṣitaṃ surakṣitaṃ daiva-hataṃ vinaśyati |
jīvaty anātho 'pi vane visarjitaḥ kṛta-prayatno 'pi gṛhe na jīvati || 42 ||

The English translation of Panchatantra Verse 5.42 is contained in the book The Complete Pancatantra: Sanskrit Text with English Translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha (2016)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.42). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Arakshita, Tishthat, Daiva, Rakshita, Surakshita, Hata, Vina, Shyat, Anatha, Api, Vana, Vani, Visarjita, Krita, Prayatna, Grih, Griha, Jivat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Panchatantra Verse 5.42). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “arakṣitaṃ tiṣṭhati daiva-rakṣitaṃ surakṣitaṃ daiva-hataṃ vinaśyati
  • arakṣitam -
  • arakṣita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    arakṣita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    arakṣitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • tiṣṭhati -
  • sthā -> tiṣṭhat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √sthā class 1 verb]
    sthā -> tiṣṭhat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √sthā class 1 verb]
    sthā (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • daiva -
  • daiva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    daiva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rakṣitam -
  • rakṣita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rakṣita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    rakṣitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    rakṣ -> rakṣita (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √rakṣ]
    rakṣ -> rakṣita (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √rakṣ]
    rakṣ -> rakṣitā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √rakṣ]
    rakṣ -> rakṣita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √rakṣ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √rakṣ]
    rakṣ -> rakṣita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √rakṣ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √rakṣ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √rakṣ], [accusative single from √rakṣ]
  • surakṣitam -
  • surakṣita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    surakṣita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    surakṣitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • daiva -
  • daiva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    daiva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • hatam -
  • hata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    hata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    hatā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    han -> hata (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √han class 1 verb], [accusative single from √han class 2 verb]
    han -> hata (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √han class 1 verb], [accusative single from √han class 1 verb], [nominative single from √han class 2 verb], [accusative single from √han class 2 verb]
    han (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second dual]
  • vina -
  • vina (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vina (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śyati -
  • śā -> śyat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √śā class 4 verb]
    śā -> śyat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √śā class 4 verb]
    śā (verb class 4)
    [present active third single]
  • Line 2: “jīvaty anātho 'pi vane visarjitaḥ kṛta-prayatno 'pi gṛhe na jīvati
  • Cannot analyse jīvaty*an
  • anātho' -
  • anātha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    nāth (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active second single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    api (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • vane -
  • vana (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    vana (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    vanā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vani (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    vani (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • visarjitaḥ -
  • visarjita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kṛta -
  • kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [injunctive middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second plural], [injunctive middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [injunctive middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [injunctive middle third single]
  • prayatno' -
  • prayatna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • gṛhe -
  • gṛh (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    gṛh (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    gṛhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jīvati -
  • jīvat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    jīvat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    jīv -> jīvat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √jīv class 1 verb]
    jīv -> jīvat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √jīv class 1 verb]
    jīv (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Panchatantra Verse 5.42

Cover of edition (2015)

Pancatantra of Visnusarman
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Panchatantra in Simple Sanskrit
by Dr. Vishwas (2016)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2020)

Panchatantram (Telugu)
by Tadanki Venkata Lakshmi Narasimha Rao (2020)

Published by J. P. Publications, Vijayawada; Throughout black & white Illustrations; 9788192053851.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 5.42 in Telugu sript:
అరక్షితం తిష్ఠతి దైవ-రక్షితం సురక్షితం దైవ-హతం వినశ్యతి ।
జీవత్య్ అనాథో ఽపి వనే విసర్జితః కృత-ప్రయత్నో ఽపి గృహే న జీవతి ॥ ౪౨ ॥

Cover of edition (2010)

Panchatantram Bhashavyakhyanam (Malayalam)
by Dr. K.G. Sreelekha (2010)

Published by the University of Kerala.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 5.42 in Malayalam sript:
അരക്ഷിതം തിഷ്ഠതി ദൈവ-രക്ഷിതം സുരക്ഷിതം ദൈവ-ഹതം വിനശ്യതി ।
ജീവത്യ് അനാഥോ ഽപി വനേ വിസര്ജിതഃ കൃത-പ്രയത്നോ ഽപി ഗൃഹേ ന ജീവതി ॥ ൪൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2017)

The Panchatantra Stories (Tamil)
by P. S. Aacharya (2017)

Published by Narmadha Pathippagam, Chennai.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

Panchatantrer Galpa (Bengali)
by Children's Book Trust (2014)

Throughout color Illustration; 9788170112730

Buy now!

Preview of verse 5.42 in Bengali sript:
অরক্ষিতং তিষ্ঠতি দৈব-রক্ষিতং সুরক্ষিতং দৈব-হতং বিনশ্যতি ।
জীবত্য্ অনাথো ঽপি বনে বিসর্জিতঃ কৃত-প্রযত্নো ঽপি গৃহে ন জীবতি ॥ ৪২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Panchatantra in Gujarati (Comic)
by Anant Pai (2013)

[શિયાળા અને રણશિંગ પંચતંત્ર] Published by Amar Chitra Katha; Throughout Color Illustrations; 9789350853115

Buy now!

Preview of verse 5.42 in Gujarati sript:
અરક્ષિતં તિષ્ઠતિ દૈવ-રક્ષિતં સુરક્ષિતં દૈવ-હતં વિનશ્યતિ ।
જીવત્ય્ અનાથો ઽપિ વને વિસર્જિતઃ કૃત-પ્રયત્નો ઽપિ ગૃહે ન જીવતિ ॥ ૪૨ ॥

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