Panchatantra [sanskrit]

by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha | 2016 | 13,828 words | ISBN-13: 9788193077962

The Sanskrit edition of the Panchatantra referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Vishnu Sharma and possibly dating as early as 1200 BCE, the Panchatantra (or Pancatantra) represents a collection of short stories teaching basic ethical values and moral conduct that was commonly practiced in ancient Indian. Alternative titles: Śrīviṣṇuśarman Pañcatantra (श्रीविष्णुशर्मन् पञ्चतन्त्र, Śrī-viṣṇuśarman pancatantra, श्री-विष्णुशर्मन्, Sri-visnusarman)

वरं वनं व्याघ्र-गजादि-सेवितं जनेन हीनं बहु-कण्टकावृतम् ।
तृणानि शय्या परिधान-वल्कलः न बन्धु-मध्ये धन-हीन-जीवितम् ॥ २२ ॥

varaṃ vanaṃ vyāghra-gajādi-sevitaṃ janena hīnaṃ bahu-kaṇṭakāvṛtam |
tṛṇāni śayyā paridhāna-valkalaḥ na bandhu-madhye dhana-hīna-jīvitam || 22 ||

The English translation of Panchatantra Verse 5.22 is contained in the book The Complete Pancatantra: Sanskrit Text with English Translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha (2016)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.22). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Varam, Vara, Vana, Vyaghra, Gaja, Sevita, Jana, Hina, Bahu, Kantaka, Ritam, Rita, Trina, Shayya, Paridhana, Valkala, Bandhu, Madhye, Madhya, Dhana, Jivita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Panchatantra Verse 5.22). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “varaṃ vanaṃ vyāghra-gajādi-sevitaṃ janena hīnaṃ bahu-kaṇṭakāvṛtam
  • varam -
  • varam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    vara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    varā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • vanam -
  • vana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • vyāghra -
  • vyāghra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gajā -
  • gaja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    gajā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    gaj (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • adi -
  • ad (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ad (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • sevitam -
  • sevita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sevita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sevitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    sīv -> sevita (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √sīv]
    sīv -> sevita (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √sīv]
    sīv -> sevitā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √sīv]
    sev -> sevita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √sev class 1 verb]
    sev -> sevita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √sev class 1 verb], [accusative single from √sev class 1 verb]
    sīv -> sevita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √sīv]
    sīv -> sevita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √sīv], [accusative single from √sīv]
  • janena -
  • jana (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    jana (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • hīnam -
  • hīna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    hīna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    hīnā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    -> hīna (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √ class 3 verb]
    -> hīna (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √ class 3 verb], [accusative single from √ class 3 verb]
  • bahu -
  • bahu (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bahu (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    bahu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bahu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • kaṇṭakāvṛ -
  • kaṇṭaka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ṛtam -
  • ṛtam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line2: “tṛṇāni śayyā paridhāna-valkalaḥ na bandhu-madhye dhana-hīna-jīvitam
  • tṛṇāni -
  • tṛṇa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • śayyā -
  • śayyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • paridhāna -
  • paridhāna (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • valkalaḥ -
  • valkala (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bandhu -
  • bandhu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bandhū (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    bandhū (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    bandhū (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • madhye -
  • madhye (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    madhya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    madhya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    madhyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • dhana -
  • dhana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dhana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dhan (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • hīna -
  • hīna (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    hīna (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    -> hīna (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √ class 3 verb]
    -> hīna (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √ class 3 verb]
  • jīvitam -
  • jīvita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jīvita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jīvitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    jīv -> jīvita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √jīv class 1 verb]
    jīv -> jīvita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √jīv class 1 verb], [accusative single from √jīv class 1 verb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Panchatantra Verse 5.22

Cover of edition (2015)

Pancatantra of Visnusarman
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Panchatantra in Simple Sanskrit
by Dr. Vishwas (2016)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2020)

Panchatantram (Telugu)
by Tadanki Venkata Lakshmi Narasimha Rao (2020)

Published by J. P. Publications, Vijayawada; Throughout black & white Illustrations; 9788192053851.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 5.22 in Telugu sript:
వరం వనం వ్యాఘ్ర-గజాది-సేవితం జనేన హీనం బహు-కణ్టకావృతమ్ ।
తృణాని శయ్యా పరిధాన-వల్కలః న బన్ధు-మధ్యే ధన-హీన-జీవితమ్ ॥ ౨౨ ॥

Cover of edition (2010)

Panchatantram Bhashavyakhyanam (Malayalam)
by Dr. K.G. Sreelekha (2010)

Published by the University of Kerala.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 5.22 in Malayalam sript:
വരം വനം വ്യാഘ്ര-ഗജാദി-സേവിതം ജനേന ഹീനം ബഹു-കണ്ടകാവൃതമ് ।
തൃണാനി ശയ്യാ പരിധാന-വല്കലഃ ന ബന്ധു-മധ്യേ ധന-ഹീന-ജീവിതമ് ॥ ൨൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2017)

The Panchatantra Stories (Tamil)
by P. S. Aacharya (2017)

Published by Narmadha Pathippagam, Chennai.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

Panchatantrer Galpa (Bengali)
by Children's Book Trust (2014)

Throughout color Illustration; 9788170112730

Buy now!

Preview of verse 5.22 in Bengali sript:
বরং বনং ব্যাঘ্র-গজাদি-সেবিতং জনেন হীনং বহু-কণ্টকাবৃতম্ ।
তৃণানি শয্যা পরিধান-বল্কলঃ ন বন্ধু-মধ্যে ধন-হীন-জীবিতম্ ॥ ২২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Panchatantra in Gujarati (Comic)
by Anant Pai (2013)

[શિયાળા અને રણશિંગ પંચતંત્ર] Published by Amar Chitra Katha; Throughout Color Illustrations; 9789350853115

Buy now!

Preview of verse 5.22 in Gujarati sript:
વરં વનં વ્યાઘ્ર-ગજાદિ-સેવિતં જનેન હીનં બહુ-કણ્ટકાવૃતમ્ ।
તૃણાનિ શય્યા પરિધાન-વલ્કલઃ ન બન્ધુ-મધ્યે ધન-હીન-જીવિતમ્ ॥ ૨૨ ॥

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