Panchatantra [sanskrit]

by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha | 2016 | 13,828 words | ISBN-13: 9788193077962

The Sanskrit edition of the Panchatantra referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Vishnu Sharma and possibly dating as early as 1200 BCE, the Panchatantra (or Pancatantra) represents a collection of short stories teaching basic ethical values and moral conduct that was commonly practiced in ancient Indian. Alternative titles: Śrīviṣṇuśarman Pañcatantra (श्रीविष्णुशर्मन् पञ्चतन्त्र, Śrī-viṣṇuśarman pancatantra, श्री-विष्णुशर्मन्, Sri-visnusarman)

गर्गो हि पाद-शौचाल् लघ्व्-आसन-दानतो गतः सोमः ।
दत्तः कदशन-भोज्याच् छ्यामलकश् चार्ध-चन्द्रेण ॥ ४८ ॥

gargo hi pāda-śaucāl laghv-āsana-dānato gataḥ somaḥ |
dattaḥ kadaśana-bhojyāc chyāmalakaś cārdha-candreṇa || 48 ||

The English translation of Panchatantra Verse 4.48 is contained in the book The Complete Pancatantra: Sanskrit Text with English Translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha (2016)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.48). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Garga, Pada, Asana, Danatah, Gat, Gata, Soma, Datta, Kada, Shana, Bhojya, Chi, Amalaka, Ardha, Candra,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Panchatantra Verse 4.48). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “gargo hi pāda-śaucāl laghv-āsana-dānato gataḥ somaḥ
  • gargo* -
  • garga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • pāda -
  • pāda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śaucāl -
  • Cannot analyse laghv*ās
  • āsana -
  • āsana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dānato* -
  • dānataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    dān (verb class 1)
    [present active third dual]
  • gataḥ -
  • gat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    gat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    gata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • somaḥ -
  • soma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line2: “dattaḥ kadaśana-bhojyāc chyāmalakaś cārdha-candreṇa
  • dattaḥ -
  • datta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 3)
    [present active third dual]
  • kada -
  • kada (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kad (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • śana -
  • śana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhojyāc -
  • bhojya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    bhojya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    bhuj -> bhojya (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √bhuj]
    bhuj -> bhojya (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √bhuj]
    bhuj -> bhojya (participle, masculine)
    [ablative single from √bhuj]
    bhuj -> bhojya (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √bhuj]
  • chyā -
  • chi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • āmalakaś -
  • āmalaka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ardha -
  • ardha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ardha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • candreṇa -
  • candra (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    candra (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Panchatantra Verse 4.48

Cover of edition (2015)

Pancatantra of Visnusarman
by M. R. Kale (2015)

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Cover of edition (2016)

Panchatantra in Simple Sanskrit
by Dr. Vishwas (2016)

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Cover of edition (2020)

Panchatantram (Telugu)
by Tadanki Venkata Lakshmi Narasimha Rao (2020)

Published by J. P. Publications, Vijayawada; Throughout black & white Illustrations; 9788192053851.

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Preview of verse 4.48 in Telugu sript:
గర్గో హి పాద-శౌచాల్ లఘ్వ్-ఆసన-దానతో గతః సోమః ।
దత్తః కదశన-భోజ్యాచ్ ఛ్యామలకశ్ చార్ధ-చన్ద్రేణ ॥ ౪౮ ॥

Cover of edition (2010)

Panchatantram Bhashavyakhyanam (Malayalam)
by Dr. K.G. Sreelekha (2010)

Published by the University of Kerala.

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Preview of verse 4.48 in Malayalam sript:
ഗര്ഗോ ഹി പാദ-ശൌചാല് ലഘ്വ്-ആസന-ദാനതോ ഗതഃ സോമഃ ।
ദത്തഃ കദശന-ഭോജ്യാച് ഛ്യാമലകശ് ചാര്ധ-ചന്ദ്രേണ ॥ ൪൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2017)

The Panchatantra Stories (Tamil)
by P. S. Aacharya (2017)

Published by Narmadha Pathippagam, Chennai.

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Cover of Bengali edition

Panchatantrer Galpa (Bengali)
by Children's Book Trust (2014)

Throughout color Illustration; 9788170112730

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Preview of verse 4.48 in Bengali sript:
গর্গো হি পাদ-শৌচাল্ লঘ্ব্-আসন-দানতো গতঃ সোমঃ ।
দত্তঃ কদশন-ভোজ্যাচ্ ছ্যামলকশ্ চার্ধ-চন্দ্রেণ ॥ ৪৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Panchatantra in Gujarati (Comic)
by Anant Pai (2013)

[શિયાળા અને રણશિંગ પંચતંત્ર] Published by Amar Chitra Katha; Throughout Color Illustrations; 9789350853115

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.48 in Gujarati sript:
ગર્ગો હિ પાદ-શૌચાલ્ લઘ્વ્-આસન-દાનતો ગતઃ સોમઃ ।
દત્તઃ કદશન-ભોજ્યાચ્ છ્યામલકશ્ ચાર્ધ-ચન્દ્રેણ ॥ ૪૮ ॥

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