Panchatantra [sanskrit]

by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha | 2016 | 13,828 words | ISBN-13: 9788193077962

The Sanskrit edition of the Panchatantra referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Vishnu Sharma and possibly dating as early as 1200 BCE, the Panchatantra (or Pancatantra) represents a collection of short stories teaching basic ethical values and moral conduct that was commonly practiced in ancient Indian. Alternative titles: Śrīviṣṇuśarman Pañcatantra (श्रीविष्णुशर्मन् पञ्चतन्त्र, Śrī-viṣṇuśarman pancatantra, श्री-विष्णुशर्मन्, Sri-visnusarman)

स्व-वित्त-हरणं दृष्ट्वा यो हि रक्षत्य् असून् नरः ।
पितरो ऽपि न गृह्णन्ति तद्-दत्तं सलिआञ्जलिम् ॥ १०९ ॥

sva-vitta-haraṇaṃ dṛṣṭvā yo hi rakṣaty asūn naraḥ |
pitaro 'pi na gṛhṇanti tad-dattaṃ saliāñjalim || 109 ||

The English translation of Panchatantra Verse 2.109 is contained in the book The Complete Pancatantra: Sanskrit Text with English Translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha (2016)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.109). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sva, Svan, Vitta, Harana, Yah, Asu, Nara, Nri, Pitri, Api, Grihnat, Tad, Tat, Datta, Sali, Anjali,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Panchatantra Verse 2.109). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sva-vitta-haraṇaṃ dṛṣṭvā yo hi rakṣaty asūn naraḥ
  • sva -
  • sva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    svan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    svan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sva (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • vitta -
  • vitta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vitta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vid -> vitta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √vid class 6 verb]
    vid -> vitta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √vid class 6 verb]
    vid -> vitta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √vid class 7 verb]
    vid -> vitta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √vid class 7 verb]
    vid (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second plural]
  • haraṇam -
  • haraṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    haraṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    haraṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • dṛṣṭvā -
  • dṛś -> dṛṣṭvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dṛś]
  • yo* -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • Cannot analyse rakṣaty*as
  • asūn -
  • asu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • naraḥ -
  • nara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line 2: “pitaro 'pi na gṛhṇanti tad-dattaṃ saliāñjalim
  • pitaro' -
  • pitṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gṛhṇanti -
  • gṛhṇat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    grah -> gṛhṇat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √grah class 9 verb], [vocative plural from √grah class 9 verb], [accusative plural from √grah class 9 verb]
    grah (verb class 9)
    [present active third plural]
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • dattam -
  • datta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    datta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dattā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    (verb class 3)
    [imperative active second dual]
  • sali -
  • salī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    salī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    salī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • āñjalim -
  • āñjali (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    āñjali (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Panchatantra Verse 2.109

Cover of edition (2015)

Pancatantra of Visnusarman
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Panchatantra in Simple Sanskrit
by Dr. Vishwas (2016)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2020)

Panchatantram (Telugu)
by Tadanki Venkata Lakshmi Narasimha Rao (2020)

Published by J. P. Publications, Vijayawada; Throughout black & white Illustrations; 9788192053851.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 2.109 in Telugu sript:
స్వ-విత్త-హరణం దృష్ట్వా యో హి రక్షత్య్ అసూన్ నరః ।
పితరో ఽపి న గృహ్ణన్తి తద్-దత్తం సలిఆఞ్జలిమ్ ॥ ౧౦౯ ॥

Cover of edition (2010)

Panchatantram Bhashavyakhyanam (Malayalam)
by Dr. K.G. Sreelekha (2010)

Published by the University of Kerala.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 2.109 in Malayalam sript:
സ്വ-വിത്ത-ഹരണം ദൃഷ്ട്വാ യോ ഹി രക്ഷത്യ് അസൂന് നരഃ ।
പിതരോ ഽപി ന ഗൃഹ്ണന്തി തദ്-ദത്തം സലിആഞ്ജലിമ് ॥ ൧൦൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2017)

The Panchatantra Stories (Tamil)
by P. S. Aacharya (2017)

Published by Narmadha Pathippagam, Chennai.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

Panchatantrer Galpa (Bengali)
by Children's Book Trust (2014)

Throughout color Illustration; 9788170112730

Buy now!

Preview of verse 2.109 in Bengali sript:
স্ব-বিত্ত-হরণং দৃষ্ট্বা যো হি রক্ষত্য্ অসূন্ নরঃ ।
পিতরো ঽপি ন গৃহ্ণন্তি তদ্-দত্তং সলিআঞ্জলিম্ ॥ ১০৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Panchatantra in Gujarati (Comic)
by Anant Pai (2013)

[શિયાળા અને રણશિંગ પંચતંત્ર] Published by Amar Chitra Katha; Throughout Color Illustrations; 9789350853115

Buy now!

Preview of verse 2.109 in Gujarati sript:
સ્વ-વિત્ત-હરણં દૃષ્ટ્વા યો હિ રક્ષત્ય્ અસૂન્ નરઃ ।
પિતરો ઽપિ ન ગૃહ્ણન્તિ તદ્-દત્તં સલિઆઞ્જલિમ્ ॥ ૧૦૯ ॥

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: