Panchatantra [sanskrit]

by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha | 2016 | 13,828 words | ISBN-13: 9788193077962

The Sanskrit edition of the Panchatantra referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Vishnu Sharma and possibly dating as early as 1200 BCE, the Panchatantra (or Pancatantra) represents a collection of short stories teaching basic ethical values and moral conduct that was commonly practiced in ancient Indian. Alternative titles: Śrīviṣṇuśarman Pañcatantra (श्रीविष्णुशर्मन् पञ्चतन्त्र, Śrī-viṣṇuśarman pancatantra, श्री-विष्णुशर्मन्, Sri-visnusarman)

प्रीतिं निरन्तरां कृत्वा दुर्भेद्यां नख-मांसवत् ।
मूषको वायसश् चैव गतौ कृत्रिम-मित्रताम् ॥ ५५ ॥

prītiṃ nirantarāṃ kṛtvā durbhedyāṃ nakha-māṃsavat |
mūṣako vāyasaś caiva gatau kṛtrima-mitratām || 55 ||

The English translation of Panchatantra Verse 2.55 is contained in the book The Complete Pancatantra: Sanskrit Text with English Translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha (2016)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.55). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Priti, Nirantara, Kritva, Kritvan, Durbhedya, Nakha, Mamsavat, Mushaka, Vayasa, Gata, Gati, Kritrima, Mitrata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Panchatantra Verse 2.55). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “prītiṃ nirantarāṃ kṛtvā durbhedyāṃ nakha-māṃsavat
  • prītim -
  • prīti (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • nirantarām -
  • nirantarā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • kṛtvā -
  • kṛtvā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛtvan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • durbhedyām -
  • durbhedyā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • nakha -
  • nakha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nakha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nakh (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • māṃsavat -
  • māṃsavat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    māṃsavat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “mūṣako vāyasaś caiva gatau kṛtrima-mitratām
  • mūṣako* -
  • mūṣaka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vāyasaś -
  • vāyasa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • gatau -
  • gata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    gati (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    gati (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • kṛtrima -
  • kṛtrima (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛtrima (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mitratām -
  • mitratā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Panchatantra Verse 2.55

Cover of edition (2015)

Pancatantra of Visnusarman
by M. R. Kale (2015)

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Cover of edition (2016)

Panchatantra in Simple Sanskrit
by Dr. Vishwas (2016)

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Cover of edition (2020)

Panchatantram (Telugu)
by Tadanki Venkata Lakshmi Narasimha Rao (2020)

Published by J. P. Publications, Vijayawada; Throughout black & white Illustrations; 9788192053851.

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Preview of verse 2.55 in Telugu sript:
ప్రీతిం నిరన్తరాం కృత్వా దుర్భేద్యాం నఖ-మాంసవత్ ।
మూషకో వాయసశ్ చైవ గతౌ కృత్రిమ-మిత్రతామ్ ॥ ౫౫ ॥

Cover of edition (2010)

Panchatantram Bhashavyakhyanam (Malayalam)
by Dr. K.G. Sreelekha (2010)

Published by the University of Kerala.

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Preview of verse 2.55 in Malayalam sript:
പ്രീതിം നിരന്തരാം കൃത്വാ ദുര്ഭേദ്യാം നഖ-മാംസവത് ।
മൂഷകോ വായസശ് ചൈവ ഗതൌ കൃത്രിമ-മിത്രതാമ് ॥ ൫൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2017)

The Panchatantra Stories (Tamil)
by P. S. Aacharya (2017)

Published by Narmadha Pathippagam, Chennai.

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Cover of Bengali edition

Panchatantrer Galpa (Bengali)
by Children's Book Trust (2014)

Throughout color Illustration; 9788170112730

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Preview of verse 2.55 in Bengali sript:
প্রীতিং নিরন্তরাং কৃত্বা দুর্ভেদ্যাং নখ-মাংসবত্ ।
মূষকো বাযসশ্ চৈব গতৌ কৃত্রিম-মিত্রতাম্ ॥ ৫৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Panchatantra in Gujarati (Comic)
by Anant Pai (2013)

[શિયાળા અને રણશિંગ પંચતંત્ર] Published by Amar Chitra Katha; Throughout Color Illustrations; 9789350853115

Buy now!

Preview of verse 2.55 in Gujarati sript:
પ્રીતિં નિરન્તરાં કૃત્વા દુર્ભેદ્યાં નખ-માંસવત્ ।
મૂષકો વાયસશ્ ચૈવ ગતૌ કૃત્રિમ-મિત્રતામ્ ॥ ૫૫ ॥

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