Panchatantra [sanskrit]

by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha | 2016 | 13,828 words | ISBN-13: 9788193077962

The Sanskrit edition of the Panchatantra referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Vishnu Sharma and possibly dating as early as 1200 BCE, the Panchatantra (or Pancatantra) represents a collection of short stories teaching basic ethical values and moral conduct that was commonly practiced in ancient Indian. Alternative titles: Śrīviṣṇuśarman Pañcatantra (श्रीविष्णुशर्मन् पञ्चतन्त्र, Śrī-viṣṇuśarman pancatantra, श्री-विष्णुशर्मन्, Sri-visnusarman)

पुत्राद् अपि प्रियतरं खलु तेन दानं मन्ये पशोर् अपि विवेक-विवर्जितस्य ।
दत्ते खले तु निखिलं खलु येन दुग्धं नित्यं ददाति महिषी ससुतापि पश्य ॥ ५४ ॥

putrād api priyataraṃ khalu tena dānaṃ manye paśor api viveka-vivarjitasya |
datte khale tu nikhilaṃ khalu yena dugdhaṃ nityaṃ dadāti mahiṣī sasutāpi paśya || 54 ||

The English translation of Panchatantra Verse 2.54 is contained in the book The Complete Pancatantra: Sanskrit Text with English Translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha (2016)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.54). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Putra, Api, Priyatara, Khalu, Tad, Tena, Dana, Manya, Mani, Pash, Pashu, Viveka, Vivarjita, Datta, Datti, Khala, Khali, Nikhila, Yena, Yah, Yat, Dugdha, Nityam, Nitya, Mahishi, Sasuta, Pashya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Panchatantra Verse 2.54). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “putrād api priyataraṃ khalu tena dānaṃ manye paśor api viveka-vivarjitasya
  • putrād -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    putra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • priyataram -
  • priyatara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    priyatara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    priyatarā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • khalu -
  • khalu (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    khalu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    khalu (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    khalu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • tena -
  • tena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    tan (verb class 8)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • dānam -
  • dāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • manye -
  • manya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    manya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    manyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    manī (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    man (verb class 4)
    [present middle first single], [present passive first single]
    man (verb class 8)
    [present passive first single]
  • paśor -
  • paś (noun, feminine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    paśu (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • viveka -
  • viveka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vivarjitasya -
  • vivarjita (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    vivarjita (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • Line 2: “datte khale tu nikhilaṃ khalu yena dugdhaṃ nityaṃ dadāti mahiṣī sasutāpi paśya
  • datte -
  • datta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    datta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    dattā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    datti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    (verb class 3)
    [present middle third single]
  • khale -
  • khala (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    khalā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    khali (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    khal (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • nikhilam -
  • nikhila (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nikhila (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nikhilā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • khalu -
  • khalu (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    khalu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    khalu (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    khalu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • yena -
  • yena (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • dugdham -
  • dugdha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dugdha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dugdhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    duh (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second dual]
  • nityam -
  • nityam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    nitya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nitya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nityā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • dadāti -
  • dadāti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (verb class 3)
    [present active third single]
  • mahiṣī -
  • mahiṣī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    mahiṣi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • sasutā -
  • sasuta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sasuta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sasutā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • paśya -
  • paśya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    paśya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    paś -> paśya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √paś class 10 verb]
    paś -> paśya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √paś class 10 verb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Panchatantra Verse 2.54

Cover of edition (2015)

Pancatantra of Visnusarman
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Panchatantra in Simple Sanskrit
by Dr. Vishwas (2016)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2020)

Panchatantram (Telugu)
by Tadanki Venkata Lakshmi Narasimha Rao (2020)

Published by J. P. Publications, Vijayawada; Throughout black & white Illustrations; 9788192053851.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 2.54 in Telugu sript:
పుత్రాద్ అపి ప్రియతరం ఖలు తేన దానం మన్యే పశోర్ అపి వివేక-వివర్జితస్య ।
దత్తే ఖలే తు నిఖిలం ఖలు యేన దుగ్ధం నిత్యం దదాతి మహిషీ ససుతాపి పశ్య ॥ ౫౪ ॥

Cover of edition (2010)

Panchatantram Bhashavyakhyanam (Malayalam)
by Dr. K.G. Sreelekha (2010)

Published by the University of Kerala.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 2.54 in Malayalam sript:
പുത്രാദ് അപി പ്രിയതരം ഖലു തേന ദാനം മന്യേ പശോര് അപി വിവേക-വിവര്ജിതസ്യ ।
ദത്തേ ഖലേ തു നിഖിലം ഖലു യേന ദുഗ്ധം നിത്യം ദദാതി മഹിഷീ സസുതാപി പശ്യ ॥ ൫൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2017)

The Panchatantra Stories (Tamil)
by P. S. Aacharya (2017)

Published by Narmadha Pathippagam, Chennai.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

Panchatantrer Galpa (Bengali)
by Children's Book Trust (2014)

Throughout color Illustration; 9788170112730

Buy now!

Preview of verse 2.54 in Bengali sript:
পুত্রাদ্ অপি প্রিযতরং খলু তেন দানং মন্যে পশোর্ অপি বিবেক-বিবর্জিতস্য ।
দত্তে খলে তু নিখিলং খলু যেন দুগ্ধং নিত্যং দদাতি মহিষী সসুতাপি পশ্য ॥ ৫৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Panchatantra in Gujarati (Comic)
by Anant Pai (2013)

[શિયાળા અને રણશિંગ પંચતંત્ર] Published by Amar Chitra Katha; Throughout Color Illustrations; 9789350853115

Buy now!

Preview of verse 2.54 in Gujarati sript:
પુત્રાદ્ અપિ પ્રિયતરં ખલુ તેન દાનં મન્યે પશોર્ અપિ વિવેક-વિવર્જિતસ્ય ।
દત્તે ખલે તુ નિખિલં ખલુ યેન દુગ્ધં નિત્યં દદાતિ મહિષી સસુતાપિ પશ્ય ॥ ૫૪ ॥

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