Panchatantra [sanskrit]

by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha | 2016 | 13,828 words | ISBN-13: 9788193077962

The Sanskrit edition of the Panchatantra referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Vishnu Sharma and possibly dating as early as 1200 BCE, the Panchatantra (or Pancatantra) represents a collection of short stories teaching basic ethical values and moral conduct that was commonly practiced in ancient Indian. Alternative titles: Śrīviṣṇuśarman Pañcatantra (श्रीविष्णुशर्मन् पञ्चतन्त्र, Śrī-viṣṇuśarman pancatantra, श्री-विष्णुशर्मन्, Sri-visnusarman)

शपथैः सन्धितस्यापि न विश्वासं व्रजेद् रिपोः ।
श्रूयते शपथं कृत्वा वृत्रः शक्रेण सूदितः ॥ ४० ॥

śapathaiḥ sandhitasyāpi na viśvāsaṃ vrajed ripoḥ |
śrūyate śapathaṃ kṛtvā vṛtraḥ śakreṇa sūditaḥ || 40 ||

The English translation of Panchatantra Verse 2.40 is contained in the book The Complete Pancatantra: Sanskrit Text with English Translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha (2016)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.40). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Shapatha, Sandhita, Api, Vishvasa, Rip, Ripu, Kritva, Kritvan, Vritra, Shakra, Suditri, Sudita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Panchatantra Verse 2.40). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “śapathaiḥ sandhitasyāpi na viśvāsaṃ vrajed ripoḥ
  • śapathaiḥ -
  • śapatha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • sandhitasyā -
  • sandhita (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    sandhita (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • viśvāsam -
  • viśvāsa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • vrajed -
  • vraj (verb class 1)
    [optative active third single]
  • ripoḥ -
  • rip (noun, feminine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    ripu (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    ripu (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 2: “śrūyate śapathaṃ kṛtvā vṛtraḥ śakreṇa sūditaḥ
  • śrūyate -
  • śru (verb class 5)
    [present passive third single]
  • śapatham -
  • śapatha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • kṛtvā -
  • kṛtvā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛtvan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vṛtraḥ -
  • vṛtra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śakreṇa -
  • śakra (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    śakra (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • sūditaḥ -
  • sūditṛ (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    sūdita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    sūd -> sūdita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √sūd class 1 verb], [nominative single from √sūd class 10 verb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Panchatantra Verse 2.40

Cover of edition (2015)

Pancatantra of Visnusarman
by M. R. Kale (2015)

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Cover of edition (2016)

Panchatantra in Simple Sanskrit
by Dr. Vishwas (2016)

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Cover of edition (2020)

Panchatantram (Telugu)
by Tadanki Venkata Lakshmi Narasimha Rao (2020)

Published by J. P. Publications, Vijayawada; Throughout black & white Illustrations; 9788192053851.

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Preview of verse 2.40 in Telugu sript:
శపథైః సన్ధితస్యాపి న విశ్వాసం వ్రజేద్ రిపోః ।
శ్రూయతే శపథం కృత్వా వృత్రః శక్రేణ సూదితః ॥ ౪౦ ॥

Cover of edition (2010)

Panchatantram Bhashavyakhyanam (Malayalam)
by Dr. K.G. Sreelekha (2010)

Published by the University of Kerala.

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Preview of verse 2.40 in Malayalam sript:
ശപഥൈഃ സന്ധിതസ്യാപി ന വിശ്വാസം വ്രജേദ് രിപോഃ ।
ശ്രൂയതേ ശപഥം കൃത്വാ വൃത്രഃ ശക്രേണ സൂദിതഃ ॥ ൪൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2017)

The Panchatantra Stories (Tamil)
by P. S. Aacharya (2017)

Published by Narmadha Pathippagam, Chennai.

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Cover of Bengali edition

Panchatantrer Galpa (Bengali)
by Children's Book Trust (2014)

Throughout color Illustration; 9788170112730

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Preview of verse 2.40 in Bengali sript:
শপথৈঃ সন্ধিতস্যাপি ন বিশ্বাসং ব্রজেদ্ রিপোঃ ।
শ্রূযতে শপথং কৃত্বা বৃত্রঃ শক্রেণ সূদিতঃ ॥ ৪০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Panchatantra in Gujarati (Comic)
by Anant Pai (2013)

[શિયાળા અને રણશિંગ પંચતંત્ર] Published by Amar Chitra Katha; Throughout Color Illustrations; 9789350853115

Buy now!

Preview of verse 2.40 in Gujarati sript:
શપથૈઃ સન્ધિતસ્યાપિ ન વિશ્વાસં વ્રજેદ્ રિપોઃ ।
શ્રૂયતે શપથં કૃત્વા વૃત્રઃ શક્રેણ સૂદિતઃ ॥ ૪૦ ॥

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