Panchatantra [sanskrit]

by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha | 2016 | 13,828 words | ISBN-13: 9788193077962

The Sanskrit edition of the Panchatantra referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Vishnu Sharma and possibly dating as early as 1200 BCE, the Panchatantra (or Pancatantra) represents a collection of short stories teaching basic ethical values and moral conduct that was commonly practiced in ancient Indian. Alternative titles: Śrīviṣṇuśarman Pañcatantra (श्रीविष्णुशर्मन् पञ्चतन्त्र, Śrī-viṣṇuśarman pancatantra, श्री-विष्णुशर्मन्, Sri-visnusarman)

इक्षोर् अग्रात् क्रमशः पर्वणि पर्वणि यथा रस-विशेषः ।
तद्वत् सज्जन-मैत्री-विपरीतानां तु विपरीता ॥ ३८ ॥

ikṣor agrāt kramaśaḥ parvaṇi parvaṇi yathā rasa-viśeṣaḥ |
tadvat sajjana-maitrī-viparītānāṃ tu viparītā || 38 ||

The English translation of Panchatantra Verse 2.38 is contained in the book The Complete Pancatantra: Sanskrit Text with English Translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha (2016)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.38). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ikshu, Agra, Kramashah, Kramashas, Parvani, Parvan, Yatha, Rasa, Vishesha, Tadvat, Sajjana, Maitri, Maitrin, Viparita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Panchatantra Verse 2.38). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ikṣor agrāt kramaśaḥ parvaṇi parvaṇi yathā rasa-viśeṣaḥ
  • ikṣor -
  • ikṣu (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • agrāt -
  • agra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    agra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • kramaśaḥ -
  • kramaśaḥ (indeclinable)
    kramaśas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • parvaṇi -
  • parvaṇī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    parvan (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • parvaṇi -
  • parvaṇī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    parvan (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
  • rasa -
  • rasa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ras (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • viśeṣaḥ -
  • viśeṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “tadvat sajjana-maitrī-viparītānāṃ tu viparītā
  • tadvat -
  • tadvat (noun, masculine)
    tadvat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • sajjana -
  • sajjana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sajjana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • maitrī -
  • maitrī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    maitri (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    maitrin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • viparītānām -
  • viparīta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    viparīta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    viparītā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • viparītā -
  • viparītā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Panchatantra Verse 2.38

Cover of edition (2015)

Pancatantra of Visnusarman
by M. R. Kale (2015)

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Cover of edition (2016)

Panchatantra in Simple Sanskrit
by Dr. Vishwas (2016)

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Cover of edition (2020)

Panchatantram (Telugu)
by Tadanki Venkata Lakshmi Narasimha Rao (2020)

Published by J. P. Publications, Vijayawada; Throughout black & white Illustrations; 9788192053851.

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Preview of verse 2.38 in Telugu sript:
ఇక్షోర్ అగ్రాత్ క్రమశః పర్వణి పర్వణి యథా రస-విశేషః ।
తద్వత్ సజ్జన-మైత్రీ-విపరీతానాం తు విపరీతా ॥ ౩౮ ॥

Cover of edition (2010)

Panchatantram Bhashavyakhyanam (Malayalam)
by Dr. K.G. Sreelekha (2010)

Published by the University of Kerala.

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Preview of verse 2.38 in Malayalam sript:
ഇക്ഷോര് അഗ്രാത് ക്രമശഃ പര്വണി പര്വണി യഥാ രസ-വിശേഷഃ ।
തദ്വത് സജ്ജന-മൈത്രീ-വിപരീതാനാം തു വിപരീതാ ॥ ൩൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2017)

The Panchatantra Stories (Tamil)
by P. S. Aacharya (2017)

Published by Narmadha Pathippagam, Chennai.

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Cover of Bengali edition

Panchatantrer Galpa (Bengali)
by Children's Book Trust (2014)

Throughout color Illustration; 9788170112730

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Preview of verse 2.38 in Bengali sript:
ইক্ষোর্ অগ্রাত্ ক্রমশঃ পর্বণি পর্বণি যথা রস-বিশেষঃ ।
তদ্বত্ সজ্জন-মৈত্রী-বিপরীতানাং তু বিপরীতা ॥ ৩৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Panchatantra in Gujarati (Comic)
by Anant Pai (2013)

[શિયાળા અને રણશિંગ પંચતંત્ર] Published by Amar Chitra Katha; Throughout Color Illustrations; 9789350853115

Buy now!

Preview of verse 2.38 in Gujarati sript:
ઇક્ષોર્ અગ્રાત્ ક્રમશઃ પર્વણિ પર્વણિ યથા રસ-વિશેષઃ ।
તદ્વત્ સજ્જન-મૈત્રી-વિપરીતાનાં તુ વિપરીતા ॥ ૩૮ ॥

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