Panchatantra [sanskrit]

by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha | 2016 | 13,828 words | ISBN-13: 9788193077962

The Sanskrit edition of the Panchatantra referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Vishnu Sharma and possibly dating as early as 1200 BCE, the Panchatantra (or Pancatantra) represents a collection of short stories teaching basic ethical values and moral conduct that was commonly practiced in ancient Indian. Alternative titles: Śrīviṣṇuśarman Pañcatantra (श्रीविष्णुशर्मन् पञ्चतन्त्र, Śrī-viṣṇuśarman pancatantra, श्री-विष्णुशर्मन्, Sri-visnusarman)

नहि भवति यन् न भाव्यं भवति च भाव्यं विनापि यत्नेन ।
करतल-गतम् अपि नश्यति यस्य हि भवितव्यता नास्ति ॥ १० ॥

nahi bhavati yan na bhāvyaṃ bhavati ca bhāvyaṃ vināpi yatnena |
karatala-gatam api naśyati yasya hi bhavitavyatā nāsti || 10 ||

The English translation of Panchatantra Verse 2.10 is contained in the book The Complete Pancatantra: Sanskrit Text with English Translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha (2016)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.10). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Nahi, Bhavati, Bhavat, Bhavant, Yat, Yad, Bhavya, Bhavi, Vina, Api, Yatna, Karatala, Gata, Nashyat, Yasya, Yah, Bhavitavyata, Nasti,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Panchatantra Verse 2.10). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “nahi bhavati yan na bhāvyaṃ bhavati ca bhāvyaṃ vināpi yatnena
  • nahi -
  • nahi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    nahi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    nahi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • bhavati -
  • bhavatī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    bhavat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhavat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    bhavant (pronoun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhavant (pronoun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • yan -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhāvyam -
  • bhāvya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhāvya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhāvyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    bhū -> bhāvya (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √bhū]
    bhū -> bhāvya (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √bhū]
    bhū -> bhāvyā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √bhū]
    bhū -> bhāvya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √bhū]
    bhū -> bhāvya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √bhū], [accusative single from √bhū]
    bhāvī (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • bhavati -
  • bhavatī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    bhavat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhavat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    bhavant (pronoun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhavant (pronoun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhāvyam -
  • bhāvya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhāvya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhāvyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    bhū -> bhāvya (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √bhū]
    bhū -> bhāvya (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √bhū]
    bhū -> bhāvyā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √bhū]
    bhū -> bhāvya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √bhū]
    bhū -> bhāvya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √bhū], [accusative single from √bhū]
    bhāvī (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • vinā -
  • vinā (indeclinable postposition)
    [indeclinable postposition]
    vina (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vina (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    vi (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    vinā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • yatnena -
  • yatna (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • Line 2: “karatala-gatam api naśyati yasya hi bhavitavyatā nāsti
  • karatala -
  • karatala (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gatam -
  • gat (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
    gata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    gata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    gatā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    api (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • naśyati -
  • naśyat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    naśyat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    naś -> naśyat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √naś class 4 verb]
    naś -> naśyat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √naś class 4 verb]
    naś (verb class 4)
    [present active third single]
  • yasya -
  • yasya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yasya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yas -> yasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √yas]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    yas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • bhavitavyatā* -
  • bhavitavyatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • nāsti -
  • nāsti (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Panchatantra Verse 2.10

Cover of edition (2015)

Pancatantra of Visnusarman
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Panchatantra in Simple Sanskrit
by Dr. Vishwas (2016)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2020)

Panchatantram (Telugu)
by Tadanki Venkata Lakshmi Narasimha Rao (2020)

Published by J. P. Publications, Vijayawada; Throughout black & white Illustrations; 9788192053851.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 2.10 in Telugu sript:
నహి భవతి యన్ న భావ్యం భవతి చ భావ్యం వినాపి యత్నేన ।
కరతల-గతమ్ అపి నశ్యతి యస్య హి భవితవ్యతా నాస్తి ॥ ౧౦ ॥

Cover of edition (2010)

Panchatantram Bhashavyakhyanam (Malayalam)
by Dr. K.G. Sreelekha (2010)

Published by the University of Kerala.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 2.10 in Malayalam sript:
നഹി ഭവതി യന് ന ഭാവ്യം ഭവതി ച ഭാവ്യം വിനാപി യത്നേന ।
കരതല-ഗതമ് അപി നശ്യതി യസ്യ ഹി ഭവിതവ്യതാ നാസ്തി ॥ ൧൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2017)

The Panchatantra Stories (Tamil)
by P. S. Aacharya (2017)

Published by Narmadha Pathippagam, Chennai.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

Panchatantrer Galpa (Bengali)
by Children's Book Trust (2014)

Throughout color Illustration; 9788170112730

Buy now!

Preview of verse 2.10 in Bengali sript:
নহি ভবতি যন্ ন ভাব্যং ভবতি চ ভাব্যং বিনাপি যত্নেন ।
করতল-গতম্ অপি নশ্যতি যস্য হি ভবিতব্যতা নাস্তি ॥ ১০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Panchatantra in Gujarati (Comic)
by Anant Pai (2013)

[શિયાળા અને રણશિંગ પંચતંત્ર] Published by Amar Chitra Katha; Throughout Color Illustrations; 9789350853115

Buy now!

Preview of verse 2.10 in Gujarati sript:
નહિ ભવતિ યન્ ન ભાવ્યં ભવતિ ચ ભાવ્યં વિનાપિ યત્નેન ।
કરતલ-ગતમ્ અપિ નશ્યતિ યસ્ય હિ ભવિતવ્યતા નાસ્તિ ॥ ૧૦ ॥

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