Panchatantra [sanskrit]

by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha | 2016 | 13,828 words | ISBN-13: 9788193077962

The Sanskrit edition of the Panchatantra referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Vishnu Sharma and possibly dating as early as 1200 BCE, the Panchatantra (or Pancatantra) represents a collection of short stories teaching basic ethical values and moral conduct that was commonly practiced in ancient Indian. Alternative titles: Śrīviṣṇuśarman Pañcatantra (श्रीविष्णुशर्मन् पञ्चतन्त्र, Śrī-viṣṇuśarman pancatantra, श्री-विष्णुशर्मन्, Sri-visnusarman)

Verse 1.440

नवनीत-समां वाणीं कृत्वा चित्तं तु निर्दयम् ।
तथा प्रबोध्यते शत्रुः सान्वयो म्रियते यथा ॥ ४४० ॥

navanīta-samāṃ vāṇīṃ kṛtvā cittaṃ tu nirdayam |
tathā prabodhyate śatruḥ sānvayo mriyate yathā || 440 ||

The English translation of Panchatantra Verse 1.440 is contained in the book The Complete Pancatantra: Sanskrit Text with English Translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha (2016)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.440). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Navanita, Sama, Vani, Kritva, Kritvan, Citta, Nirdaya, Tatha, Prabodhin, Prabodhya, Shatru, Sanvaya, Mriyat, Yatha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Panchatantra Verse 1.440). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “navanīta-samāṃ vāṇīṃ kṛtvā cittaṃ tu nirdayam
  • navanīta -
  • navanīta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • samām -
  • samā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • vāṇīm -
  • vāṇī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • kṛtvā -
  • kṛtvā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛtvan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cittam -
  • citta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    citta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    cittā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    cit (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second dual]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • nirdayam -
  • nirdaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nirdaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nirdayā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “tathā prabodhyate śatruḥ sānvayo mriyate yathā
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • prabodhya -
  • prabodhin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single]
    prabodhin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    prabodhya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prabodhya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ate -
  • śatruḥ -
  • śatru (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sānvayo* -
  • sānvaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mriyate -
  • mṛ -> mriyat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √mṛ class 6 verb]
    mṛ -> mriyat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √mṛ class 6 verb]
    mṛ (verb class 1)
    [present passive third single]
    mṛ (verb class 6)
    [present middle third single], [present passive third single]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Panchatantra Verse 1.440

Cover of edition (2015)

Pancatantra of Visnusarman
by M. R. Kale (2015)

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Cover of edition (2016)

Panchatantra in Simple Sanskrit
by Dr. Vishwas (2016)

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Cover of edition (2020)

Panchatantram (Telugu)
by Tadanki Venkata Lakshmi Narasimha Rao (2020)

Published by J. P. Publications, Vijayawada; Throughout black & white Illustrations; 9788192053851.

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Preview of verse 1.440 in Telugu sript:
నవనీత-సమాం వాణీం కృత్వా చిత్తం తు నిర్దయమ్ ।
తథా ప్రబోధ్యతే శత్రుః సాన్వయో మ్రియతే యథా ॥ ౪౪౦ ॥

Cover of edition (2010)

Panchatantram Bhashavyakhyanam (Malayalam)
by Dr. K.G. Sreelekha (2010)

Published by the University of Kerala.

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Preview of verse 1.440 in Malayalam sript:
നവനീത-സമാം വാണീം കൃത്വാ ചിത്തം തു നിര്ദയമ് ।
തഥാ പ്രബോധ്യതേ ശത്രുഃ സാന്വയോ മ്രിയതേ യഥാ ॥ ൪൪൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2017)

The Panchatantra Stories (Tamil)
by P. S. Aacharya (2017)

Published by Narmadha Pathippagam, Chennai.

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Cover of Bengali edition

Panchatantrer Galpa (Bengali)
by Children's Book Trust (2014)

Throughout color Illustration; 9788170112730

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Preview of verse 1.440 in Bengali sript:
নবনীত-সমাং বাণীং কৃত্বা চিত্তং তু নির্দযম্ ।
তথা প্রবোধ্যতে শত্রুঃ সান্বযো ম্রিযতে যথা ॥ ৪৪০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Panchatantra in Gujarati (Comic)
by Anant Pai (2013)

[શિયાળા અને રણશિંગ પંચતંત્ર] Published by Amar Chitra Katha; Throughout Color Illustrations; 9789350853115

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.440 in Gujarati sript:
નવનીત-સમાં વાણીં કૃત્વા ચિત્તં તુ નિર્દયમ્ ।
તથા પ્રબોધ્યતે શત્રુઃ સાન્વયો મ્રિયતે યથા ॥ ૪૪૦ ॥

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