Panchatantra [sanskrit]

by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha | 2016 | 13,828 words | ISBN-13: 9788193077962

The Sanskrit edition of the Panchatantra referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Vishnu Sharma and possibly dating as early as 1200 BCE, the Panchatantra (or Pancatantra) represents a collection of short stories teaching basic ethical values and moral conduct that was commonly practiced in ancient Indian. Alternative titles: Śrīviṣṇuśarman Pañcatantra (श्रीविष्णुशर्मन् पञ्चतन्त्र, Śrī-viṣṇuśarman pancatantra, श्री-विष्णुशर्मन्, Sri-visnusarman)

Verse 1.431

विद्यां वित्तं शिल्पं तावन् नाप्नोति मानवः सम्यक् ।
यावद् व्रजति न भूमौ देशाद् देशान्तरं हृष्टः ॥ ४३१ ॥

vidyāṃ vittaṃ śilpaṃ tāvan nāpnoti mānavaḥ samyak |
yāvad vrajati na bhūmau deśād deśāntaraṃ hṛṣṭaḥ || 431 ||

The English translation of Panchatantra Verse 1.431 is contained in the book The Complete Pancatantra: Sanskrit Text with English Translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha (2016)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.431). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vidya, Vitta, Shilpa, Tavat, Nabh, Nri, Manava, Samyak, Yavat, Vrajat, Bhuma, Bhumi, Desha, Deshantara, Hrishta,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Panchatantra Verse 1.431). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “vidyāṃ vittaṃ śilpaṃ tāvan nāpnoti mānavaḥ samyak
  • vidyām -
  • vidyā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    vid (verb class 2)
    [optative active first single]
  • vittam -
  • vitta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vitta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vittā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    vid -> vitta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √vid class 6 verb]
    vid -> vitta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √vid class 6 verb], [accusative single from √vid class 6 verb]
    vid -> vitta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √vid class 7 verb]
    vid -> vitta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √vid class 7 verb], [accusative single from √vid class 7 verb]
    vid (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second dual]
  • śilpam -
  • śilpa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śilpa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śilpā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • tāvan -
  • tāvat (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tāvat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tāvat (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tāvat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • nāp -
  • nābh (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • no -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    nu (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • ūti -
  • ūti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ūti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • mānavaḥ -
  • mānava (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • samyak -
  • samyak (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • Line 2: “yāvad vrajati na bhūmau deśād deśāntaraṃ hṛṣṭaḥ
  • yāvad -
  • yāvat (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yāvat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yāvat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yāvat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • vrajati -
  • vraj -> vrajat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √vraj class 1 verb]
    vraj -> vrajat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √vraj class 1 verb]
    vraj (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhūmau -
  • bhūma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    bhūmi (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    bhūmi (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • deśād -
  • deśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • deśāntaram -
  • deśāntara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • hṛṣṭaḥ -
  • hṛṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    hṛṣ -> hṛṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √hṛṣ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √hṛṣ class 4 verb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Panchatantra Verse 1.431

Cover of edition (2015)

Pancatantra of Visnusarman
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Panchatantra in Simple Sanskrit
by Dr. Vishwas (2016)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2020)

Panchatantram (Telugu)
by Tadanki Venkata Lakshmi Narasimha Rao (2020)

Published by J. P. Publications, Vijayawada; Throughout black & white Illustrations; 9788192053851.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.431 in Telugu sript:
విద్యాం విత్తం శిల్పం తావన్ నాప్నోతి మానవః సమ్యక్ ।
యావద్ వ్రజతి న భూమౌ దేశాద్ దేశాన్తరం హృష్టః ॥ ౪౩౧ ॥

Cover of edition (2010)

Panchatantram Bhashavyakhyanam (Malayalam)
by Dr. K.G. Sreelekha (2010)

Published by the University of Kerala.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.431 in Malayalam sript:
വിദ്യാം വിത്തം ശില്പം താവന് നാപ്നോതി മാനവഃ സമ്യക് ।
യാവദ് വ്രജതി ന ഭൂമൌ ദേശാദ് ദേശാന്തരം ഹൃഷ്ടഃ ॥ ൪൩൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2017)

The Panchatantra Stories (Tamil)
by P. S. Aacharya (2017)

Published by Narmadha Pathippagam, Chennai.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

Panchatantrer Galpa (Bengali)
by Children's Book Trust (2014)

Throughout color Illustration; 9788170112730

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Preview of verse 1.431 in Bengali sript:
বিদ্যাং বিত্তং শিল্পং তাবন্ নাপ্নোতি মানবঃ সম্যক্ ।
যাবদ্ ব্রজতি ন ভূমৌ দেশাদ্ দেশান্তরং হৃষ্টঃ ॥ ৪৩১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Panchatantra in Gujarati (Comic)
by Anant Pai (2013)

[શિયાળા અને રણશિંગ પંચતંત્ર] Published by Amar Chitra Katha; Throughout Color Illustrations; 9789350853115

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.431 in Gujarati sript:
વિદ્યાં વિત્તં શિલ્પં તાવન્ નાપ્નોતિ માનવઃ સમ્યક્ ।
યાવદ્ વ્રજતિ ન ભૂમૌ દેશાદ્ દેશાન્તરં હૃષ્ટઃ ॥ ૪૩૧ ॥

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