Panchatantra [sanskrit]

by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha | 2016 | 13,828 words | ISBN-13: 9788193077962

The Sanskrit edition of the Panchatantra referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Vishnu Sharma and possibly dating as early as 1200 BCE, the Panchatantra (or Pancatantra) represents a collection of short stories teaching basic ethical values and moral conduct that was commonly practiced in ancient Indian. Alternative titles: Śrīviṣṇuśarman Pañcatantra (श्रीविष्णुशर्मन् पञ्चतन्त्र, Śrī-viṣṇuśarman pancatantra, श्री-विष्णुशर्मन्, Sri-visnusarman)

Verse 1.193

आदित्य-चन्द्र-हरि-शंकर-वासवाद्याः शक्ता न जेतुम् अतिदुःख-कराणि यानि ।
तानीन्द्रियाणि बलवन्ति सुदुर्जयानि ये निर्जयन्ति भुवने बलिनस् त एके ॥ १९३ ॥

āditya-candra-hari-śaṃkara-vāsavādyāḥ śaktā na jetum atiduḥkha-karāṇi yāni |
tānīndriyāṇi balavanti sudurjayāni ye nirjayanti bhuvane balinas ta eke || 193 ||

The English translation of Panchatantra Verse 1.193 is contained in the book The Complete Pancatantra: Sanskrit Text with English Translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha (2016)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.193). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Aditya, Candra, Hari, Shankara, Vasava, Shakta, Atiduhkha, Kara, Yani, Yat, Tad, Tani, Indriya, Indriyani, Balavat, Sudurjaya, Yah, Nih, Jayanti, Jayat, Bhuvana, Balin, Bali, Tas, Eka,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Panchatantra Verse 1.193). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “āditya-candra-hari-śaṃkara-vāsavādyāḥ śaktā na jetum atiduḥkha-karāṇi yāni
  • āditya -
  • āditya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    āditya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • candra -
  • candra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    candra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • hari -
  • hari (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    hari (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    hari (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    harī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    harin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • śaṅkara -
  • śaṅkara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śaṅkara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vāsavād -
  • vāsava (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    vāsava (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • yāḥ -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • śaktā* -
  • śakta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    śaktā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    śac -> śakta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √śac class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √śac class 1 verb]
    śac -> śaktā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √śac class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √śac class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √śac class 1 verb]
    śak -> śakta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √śak class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √śak class 5 verb]
    śak -> śaktā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √śak class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √śak class 5 verb], [accusative plural from √śak class 5 verb]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jetum -
  • ji -> jetum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √ji]
    ji -> jetum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √ji]
  • atiduḥkha -
  • atiduḥkha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    atiduḥkha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • karāṇi -
  • kara (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active first single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [imperative active first single]
  • yāni -
  • yānī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
    (verb class 2)
    [imperative active first single]
  • Line 2: “tānīndriyāṇi balavanti sudurjayāni ye nirjayanti bhuvane balinas ta eke
  • tānī -
  • tānī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    tānī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    tānī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • indriyāṇi -
  • indriyāṇi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    indriyāṇi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    indriyāṇi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    indriya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • balavanti -
  • balavat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • sudurjayāni -
  • sudurjaya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ye -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • nir -
  • niḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    niḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ni (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nis (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • jayanti -
  • jayantī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    jayat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    ji -> jayat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √ji class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √ji class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √ji class 1 verb]
    ji -> jayantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √ji class 1 verb]
    ji (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • bhuvane -
  • bhuvana (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhuvana (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    bhuvanā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • balinas -
  • balin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    balin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    balī (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • ta* -
  • tas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • eke -
  • eka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    eka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    ekā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Panchatantra Verse 1.193

Cover of edition (2015)

Pancatantra of Visnusarman
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Panchatantra in Simple Sanskrit
by Dr. Vishwas (2016)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2020)

Panchatantram (Telugu)
by Tadanki Venkata Lakshmi Narasimha Rao (2020)

Published by J. P. Publications, Vijayawada; Throughout black & white Illustrations; 9788192053851.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.193 in Telugu sript:
ఆదిత్య-చన్ద్ర-హరి-శంకర-వాసవాద్యాః శక్తా న జేతుమ్ అతిదుఃఖ-కరాణి యాని ।
తానీన్ద్రియాణి బలవన్తి సుదుర్జయాని యే నిర్జయన్తి భువనే బలినస్ త ఏకే ॥ ౧౯౩ ॥

Cover of edition (2010)

Panchatantram Bhashavyakhyanam (Malayalam)
by Dr. K.G. Sreelekha (2010)

Published by the University of Kerala.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.193 in Malayalam sript:
ആദിത്യ-ചന്ദ്ര-ഹരി-ശംകര-വാസവാദ്യാഃ ശക്താ ന ജേതുമ് അതിദുഃഖ-കരാണി യാനി ।
താനീന്ദ്രിയാണി ബലവന്തി സുദുര്ജയാനി യേ നിര്ജയന്തി ഭുവനേ ബലിനസ് ത ഏകേ ॥ ൧൯൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2017)

The Panchatantra Stories (Tamil)
by P. S. Aacharya (2017)

Published by Narmadha Pathippagam, Chennai.

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Cover of Bengali edition

Panchatantrer Galpa (Bengali)
by Children's Book Trust (2014)

Throughout color Illustration; 9788170112730

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Preview of verse 1.193 in Bengali sript:
আদিত্য-চন্দ্র-হরি-শংকর-বাসবাদ্যাঃ শক্তা ন জেতুম্ অতিদুঃখ-করাণি যানি ।
তানীন্দ্রিযাণি বলবন্তি সুদুর্জযানি যে নির্জযন্তি ভুবনে বলিনস্ ত একে ॥ ১৯৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Panchatantra in Gujarati (Comic)
by Anant Pai (2013)

[શિયાળા અને રણશિંગ પંચતંત્ર] Published by Amar Chitra Katha; Throughout Color Illustrations; 9789350853115

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.193 in Gujarati sript:
આદિત્ય-ચન્દ્ર-હરિ-શંકર-વાસવાદ્યાઃ શક્તા ન જેતુમ્ અતિદુઃખ-કરાણિ યાનિ ।
તાનીન્દ્રિયાણિ બલવન્તિ સુદુર્જયાનિ યે નિર્જયન્તિ ભુવને બલિનસ્ ત એકે ॥ ૧૯૩ ॥

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