Panchatantra [sanskrit]

by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha | 2016 | 13,828 words | ISBN-13: 9788193077962

The Sanskrit edition of the Panchatantra referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Vishnu Sharma and possibly dating as early as 1200 BCE, the Panchatantra (or Pancatantra) represents a collection of short stories teaching basic ethical values and moral conduct that was commonly practiced in ancient Indian. Alternative titles: Śrīviṣṇuśarman Pañcatantra (श्रीविष्णुशर्मन् पञ्चतन्त्र, Śrī-viṣṇuśarman pancatantra, श्री-विष्णुशर्मन्, Sri-visnusarman)

न गर्वं कुरुते माने नापमाने च तप्यते ।
स्वाकारं रक्षयेद् यस् तु स भृत्यो ऽर्हो महीभुजाम् ॥ ९८ ॥

na garvaṃ kurute māne nāpamāne ca tapyate |
svākāraṃ rakṣayed yas tu sa bhṛtyo 'rho mahībhujām || 98 ||

The English translation of Panchatantra Verse 1.98 is contained in the book The Complete Pancatantra: Sanskrit Text with English Translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha (2016)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.98). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Garva, Kuruta, Mana, Nabh, Amana, Tapyati, Svakara, Yah, Bhritya, Bhriti, Arha, Mahibhuj,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Panchatantra Verse 1.98). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “na garvaṃ kurute māne nāpamāne ca tapyate
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • garvam -
  • garva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • kurute -
  • kurutā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    kuruta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    kuruta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [present middle third single]
  • māne -
  • māna (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    māna (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    man -> māna (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √man class 4 verb], [locative single from √man class 8 verb]
    man -> māna (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √man class 4 verb], [vocative dual from √man class 4 verb], [accusative dual from √man class 4 verb], [locative single from √man class 4 verb], [nominative dual from √man class 8 verb], [vocative dual from √man class 8 verb], [accusative dual from √man class 8 verb], [locative single from √man class 8 verb]
    man -> mānā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √man class 4 verb], [vocative single from √man class 4 verb], [vocative dual from √man class 4 verb], [accusative dual from √man class 4 verb], [nominative dual from √man class 8 verb], [vocative single from √man class 8 verb], [vocative dual from √man class 8 verb], [accusative dual from √man class 8 verb]
    mān (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • nāp -
  • nābh (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • amāne -
  • amāna (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    mān (verb class 1)
    [imperfect middle first single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tapyate -
  • tapyati (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    tap (verb class 1)
    [present passive third single]
    tap (verb class 4)
    [present middle third single], [present passive third single]
  • Line 2: “svākāraṃ rakṣayed yas tu sa bhṛtyo 'rho mahībhujām
  • svākāram -
  • svākāra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    svākāra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    svākārā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • rakṣayed -
  • rakṣ (verb class 0)
    [optative active third single]
  • yas -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • bhṛtyo' -
  • bhṛtya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    bhṛtī (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhṛtī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • arho* -
  • arha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mahībhujām -
  • mahībhuj (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Panchatantra Verse 1.98

Cover of edition (2015)

Pancatantra of Visnusarman
by M. R. Kale (2015)

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Cover of edition (2016)

Panchatantra in Simple Sanskrit
by Dr. Vishwas (2016)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2020)

Panchatantram (Telugu)
by Tadanki Venkata Lakshmi Narasimha Rao (2020)

Published by J. P. Publications, Vijayawada; Throughout black & white Illustrations; 9788192053851.

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Preview of verse 1.98 in Telugu sript:
న గర్వం కురుతే మానే నాపమానే చ తప్యతే ।
స్వాకారం రక్షయేద్ యస్ తు స భృత్యో ఽర్హో మహీభుజామ్ ॥ ౯౮ ॥

Cover of edition (2010)

Panchatantram Bhashavyakhyanam (Malayalam)
by Dr. K.G. Sreelekha (2010)

Published by the University of Kerala.

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Preview of verse 1.98 in Malayalam sript:
ന ഗര്വം കുരുതേ മാനേ നാപമാനേ ച തപ്യതേ ।
സ്വാകാരം രക്ഷയേദ് യസ് തു സ ഭൃത്യോ ഽര്ഹോ മഹീഭുജാമ് ॥ ൯൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2017)

The Panchatantra Stories (Tamil)
by P. S. Aacharya (2017)

Published by Narmadha Pathippagam, Chennai.

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Cover of Bengali edition

Panchatantrer Galpa (Bengali)
by Children's Book Trust (2014)

Throughout color Illustration; 9788170112730

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Preview of verse 1.98 in Bengali sript:
ন গর্বং কুরুতে মানে নাপমানে চ তপ্যতে ।
স্বাকারং রক্ষযেদ্ যস্ তু স ভৃত্যো ঽর্হো মহীভুজাম্ ॥ ৯৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Panchatantra in Gujarati (Comic)
by Anant Pai (2013)

[શિયાળા અને રણશિંગ પંચતંત્ર] Published by Amar Chitra Katha; Throughout Color Illustrations; 9789350853115

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.98 in Gujarati sript:
ન ગર્વં કુરુતે માને નાપમાને ચ તપ્યતે ।
સ્વાકારં રક્ષયેદ્ યસ્ તુ સ ભૃત્યો ઽર્હો મહીભુજામ્ ॥ ૯૮ ॥

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