Panchatantra [sanskrit]

by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha | 2016 | 13,828 words | ISBN-13: 9788193077962

The Sanskrit edition of the Panchatantra referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Vishnu Sharma and possibly dating as early as 1200 BCE, the Panchatantra (or Pancatantra) represents a collection of short stories teaching basic ethical values and moral conduct that was commonly practiced in ancient Indian. Alternative titles: Śrīviṣṇuśarman Pañcatantra (श्रीविष्णुशर्मन् पञ्चतन्त्र, Śrī-viṣṇuśarman pancatantra, श्री-विष्णुशर्मन्, Sri-visnusarman)

परीक्षका यत्र न सन्ति देशे नार्घन्ति रत्नानि समुद्रजानि ।
आभीर-देशे किल चन्द्रकान्तं त्रिभिर् वराटैर् विपणन्ति गोपाः ॥ ८४ ॥

parīkṣakā yatra na santi deśe nārghanti ratnāni samudrajāni |
ābhīra-deśe kila candrakāntaṃ tribhir varāṭair vipaṇanti gopāḥ || 84 ||

The English translation of Panchatantra Verse 1.84 is contained in the book The Complete Pancatantra: Sanskrit Text with English Translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha (2016)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.84). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Parikshaka, Yatra, Sat, Santi, Desha, Nri, Ratna, Ratnani, Samudraja, Abhira, Kila, Candrakanta, Tri, Varata, Vip, Gopa,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Panchatantra Verse 1.84). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “parīkṣakā yatra na santi deśe nārghanti ratnāni samudrajāni
  • parīkṣakā* -
  • parīkṣaka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    parīkṣakā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • yatra -
  • yatra (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yatra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yatra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • santi -
  • santi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    santi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    santi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    sat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    as (verb class 2)
    [present active third plural]
  • deśe -
  • deśa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    deśā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • arghanti -
  • argh (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • ratnāni -
  • ratnāni (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ratnāni (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ratnāni (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ratna (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • samudrajāni -
  • samudraja (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “ābhīra-deśe kila candrakāntaṃ tribhir varāṭair vipaṇanti gopāḥ
  • ābhīra -
  • ābhīra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ābhīra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • deśe -
  • deśa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    deśā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • kila -
  • kila (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    kila (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kil (verb class 6)
    [imperative active second single]
  • candrakāntam -
  • candrakānta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    candrakānta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    candrakāntā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • tribhir -
  • tri (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • varāṭair -
  • varāṭa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • vip -
  • vip (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vip (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vip (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • aṇanti -
  • aṇ (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • gopāḥ -
  • gopā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    gopā (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [nominative plural], [vocative single], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    gopa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Panchatantra Verse 1.84

Cover of edition (2015)

Pancatantra of Visnusarman
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Panchatantra in Simple Sanskrit
by Dr. Vishwas (2016)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2020)

Panchatantram (Telugu)
by Tadanki Venkata Lakshmi Narasimha Rao (2020)

Published by J. P. Publications, Vijayawada; Throughout black & white Illustrations; 9788192053851.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.84 in Telugu sript:
పరీక్షకా యత్ర న సన్తి దేశే నార్ఘన్తి రత్నాని సముద్రజాని ।
ఆభీర-దేశే కిల చన్ద్రకాన్తం త్రిభిర్ వరాటైర్ విపణన్తి గోపాః ॥ ౮౪ ॥

Cover of edition (2010)

Panchatantram Bhashavyakhyanam (Malayalam)
by Dr. K.G. Sreelekha (2010)

Published by the University of Kerala.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.84 in Malayalam sript:
പരീക്ഷകാ യത്ര ന സന്തി ദേശേ നാര്ഘന്തി രത്നാനി സമുദ്രജാനി ।
ആഭീര-ദേശേ കില ചന്ദ്രകാന്തം ത്രിഭിര് വരാടൈര് വിപണന്തി ഗോപാഃ ॥ ൮൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2017)

The Panchatantra Stories (Tamil)
by P. S. Aacharya (2017)

Published by Narmadha Pathippagam, Chennai.

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Cover of Bengali edition

Panchatantrer Galpa (Bengali)
by Children's Book Trust (2014)

Throughout color Illustration; 9788170112730

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.84 in Bengali sript:
পরীক্ষকা যত্র ন সন্তি দেশে নার্ঘন্তি রত্নানি সমুদ্রজানি ।
আভীর-দেশে কিল চন্দ্রকান্তং ত্রিভির্ বরাটৈর্ বিপণন্তি গোপাঃ ॥ ৮৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Panchatantra in Gujarati (Comic)
by Anant Pai (2013)

[શિયાળા અને રણશિંગ પંચતંત્ર] Published by Amar Chitra Katha; Throughout Color Illustrations; 9789350853115

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.84 in Gujarati sript:
પરીક્ષકા યત્ર ન સન્તિ દેશે નાર્ઘન્તિ રત્નાનિ સમુદ્રજાનિ ।
આભીર-દેશે કિલ ચન્દ્રકાન્તં ત્રિભિર્ વરાટૈર્ વિપણન્તિ ગોપાઃ ॥ ૮૪ ॥

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