Panchatantra [sanskrit]

by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha | 2016 | 13,828 words | ISBN-13: 9788193077962

The Sanskrit edition of the Panchatantra referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Vishnu Sharma and possibly dating as early as 1200 BCE, the Panchatantra (or Pancatantra) represents a collection of short stories teaching basic ethical values and moral conduct that was commonly practiced in ancient Indian. Alternative titles: Śrīviṣṇuśarman Pañcatantra (श्रीविष्णुशर्मन् पञ्चतन्त्र, Śrī-viṣṇuśarman pancatantra, श्री-विष्णुशर्मन्, Sri-visnusarman)

राजानम् एव संश्रित्य विद्वान् याति परां गतिम् ।
विना मलयम् अन्यत्र चन्दनं न प्ररोहति ॥ ४२ ॥

rājānam eva saṃśritya vidvān yāti parāṃ gatim |
vinā malayam anyatra candanaṃ na prarohati || 42 ||

The English translation of Panchatantra Verse 1.42 is contained in the book The Complete Pancatantra: Sanskrit Text with English Translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha (2016)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.42). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Rajan, Rajana, Eva, Vidvas, Yat, Yati, Para, Gati, Vina, Malaya, Anyatra, Candana, Pra, Rohat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Panchatantra Verse 1.42). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “rājānam eva saṃśritya vidvān yāti parāṃ gatim
  • rājānam -
  • rājāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rājāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    rājan (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • saṃ -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • śritya -
  • śri -> śritya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √śri]
  • vidvān -
  • vidvas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vid -> vidvas (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vid class 2 verb]
  • yāti -
  • yāti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    yāti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    yāti (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    yāt (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yāt (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [present active third single]
  • parām -
  • parā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • gatim -
  • gati (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    gati (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “vinā malayam anyatra candanaṃ na prarohati
  • vinā* -
  • vina (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    vinā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • malayam -
  • malaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    malayā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • anyatra -
  • anyatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • candanam -
  • candana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    candana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    candanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pra -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • rohati -
  • rohat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    rohat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    ruh -> rohat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √ruh class 1 verb]
    ruh -> rohat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √ruh class 1 verb]
    ruh (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Panchatantra Verse 1.42

Cover of edition (2015)

Pancatantra of Visnusarman
by M. R. Kale (2015)

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Cover of edition (2016)

Panchatantra in Simple Sanskrit
by Dr. Vishwas (2016)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2020)

Panchatantram (Telugu)
by Tadanki Venkata Lakshmi Narasimha Rao (2020)

Published by J. P. Publications, Vijayawada; Throughout black & white Illustrations; 9788192053851.

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Preview of verse 1.42 in Telugu sript:
రాజానమ్ ఏవ సంశ్రిత్య విద్వాన్ యాతి పరాం గతిమ్ ।
వినా మలయమ్ అన్యత్ర చన్దనం న ప్రరోహతి ॥ ౪౨ ॥

Cover of edition (2010)

Panchatantram Bhashavyakhyanam (Malayalam)
by Dr. K.G. Sreelekha (2010)

Published by the University of Kerala.

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Preview of verse 1.42 in Malayalam sript:
രാജാനമ് ഏവ സംശ്രിത്യ വിദ്വാന് യാതി പരാം ഗതിമ് ।
വിനാ മലയമ് അന്യത്ര ചന്ദനം ന പ്രരോഹതി ॥ ൪൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2017)

The Panchatantra Stories (Tamil)
by P. S. Aacharya (2017)

Published by Narmadha Pathippagam, Chennai.

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Cover of Bengali edition

Panchatantrer Galpa (Bengali)
by Children's Book Trust (2014)

Throughout color Illustration; 9788170112730

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Preview of verse 1.42 in Bengali sript:
রাজানম্ এব সংশ্রিত্য বিদ্বান্ যাতি পরাং গতিম্ ।
বিনা মলযম্ অন্যত্র চন্দনং ন প্ররোহতি ॥ ৪২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Panchatantra in Gujarati (Comic)
by Anant Pai (2013)

[શિયાળા અને રણશિંગ પંચતંત્ર] Published by Amar Chitra Katha; Throughout Color Illustrations; 9789350853115

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.42 in Gujarati sript:
રાજાનમ્ એવ સંશ્રિત્ય વિદ્વાન્ યાતિ પરાં ગતિમ્ ।
વિના મલયમ્ અન્યત્ર ચન્દનં ન પ્રરોહતિ ॥ ૪૨ ॥

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