Panchatantra [sanskrit]

by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha | 2016 | 13,828 words | ISBN-13: 9788193077962

The Sanskrit edition of the Panchatantra referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Vishnu Sharma and possibly dating as early as 1200 BCE, the Panchatantra (or Pancatantra) represents a collection of short stories teaching basic ethical values and moral conduct that was commonly practiced in ancient Indian. Alternative titles: Śrīviṣṇuśarman Pañcatantra (श्रीविष्णुशर्मन् पञ्चतन्त्र, Śrī-viṣṇuśarman pancatantra, श्री-विष्णुशर्मन्, Sri-visnusarman)

ये च प्राहुर् दुरात्मानो दुराराध्या महीभुजः ।
प्रमादालस्य-जाड्यानि ख्यापितानि निजानि तैः ॥ ४० ॥

ye ca prāhur durātmāno durārādhyā mahībhujaḥ |
pramādālasya-jāḍyāni khyāpitāni nijāni taiḥ || 40 ||

The English translation of Panchatantra Verse 1.40 is contained in the book The Complete Pancatantra: Sanskrit Text with English Translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha (2016)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.40). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yah, Yat, Pra, Ahu, Duratman, Duraradhya, Mahibhuj, Pramada, Ala, Alasya, Jadya, Khyapita, Nija, Tad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Panchatantra Verse 1.40). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ye ca prāhur durātmāno durārādhyā mahībhujaḥ
  • ye -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prā -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    pra (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
    prā (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • ahur -
  • ahu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ahu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [aorist active third plural]
    (verb class 3)
    [aorist active third plural]
  • durātmāno* -
  • durātman (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • durārādhyā* -
  • durārādhya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    durārādhyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • mahībhujaḥ -
  • mahībhuj (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 2: “pramādālasya-jāḍyāni khyāpitāni nijāni taiḥ
  • pramādā -
  • pramāda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • alasya -
  • alasya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    alasya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ala (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • jāḍyāni -
  • jāḍya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • khyāpitāni -
  • khyāpita (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    khyā -> khyāpita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √khyā], [vocative plural from √khyā], [accusative plural from √khyā]
  • nijāni -
  • nija (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • taiḥ -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Panchatantra Verse 1.40

Cover of edition (2015)

Pancatantra of Visnusarman
by M. R. Kale (2015)

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Cover of edition (2016)

Panchatantra in Simple Sanskrit
by Dr. Vishwas (2016)

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Cover of edition (2020)

Panchatantram (Telugu)
by Tadanki Venkata Lakshmi Narasimha Rao (2020)

Published by J. P. Publications, Vijayawada; Throughout black & white Illustrations; 9788192053851.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.40 in Telugu sript:
యే చ ప్రాహుర్ దురాత్మానో దురారాధ్యా మహీభుజః ।
ప్రమాదాలస్య-జాడ్యాని ఖ్యాపితాని నిజాని తైః ॥ ౪౦ ॥

Cover of edition (2010)

Panchatantram Bhashavyakhyanam (Malayalam)
by Dr. K.G. Sreelekha (2010)

Published by the University of Kerala.

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Preview of verse 1.40 in Malayalam sript:
യേ ച പ്രാഹുര് ദുരാത്മാനോ ദുരാരാധ്യാ മഹീഭുജഃ ।
പ്രമാദാലസ്യ-ജാഡ്യാനി ഖ്യാപിതാനി നിജാനി തൈഃ ॥ ൪൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2017)

The Panchatantra Stories (Tamil)
by P. S. Aacharya (2017)

Published by Narmadha Pathippagam, Chennai.

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Cover of Bengali edition

Panchatantrer Galpa (Bengali)
by Children's Book Trust (2014)

Throughout color Illustration; 9788170112730

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Preview of verse 1.40 in Bengali sript:
যে চ প্রাহুর্ দুরাত্মানো দুরারাধ্যা মহীভুজঃ ।
প্রমাদালস্য-জাড্যানি খ্যাপিতানি নিজানি তৈঃ ॥ ৪০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Panchatantra in Gujarati (Comic)
by Anant Pai (2013)

[શિયાળા અને રણશિંગ પંચતંત્ર] Published by Amar Chitra Katha; Throughout Color Illustrations; 9789350853115

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.40 in Gujarati sript:
યે ચ પ્રાહુર્ દુરાત્માનો દુરારાધ્યા મહીભુજઃ ।
પ્રમાદાલસ્ય-જાડ્યાનિ ખ્યાપિતાનિ નિજાનિ તૈઃ ॥ ૪૦ ॥

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