Panchatantra [sanskrit]

by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha | 2016 | 13,828 words | ISBN-13: 9788193077962

The Sanskrit edition of the Panchatantra referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Vishnu Sharma and possibly dating as early as 1200 BCE, the Panchatantra (or Pancatantra) represents a collection of short stories teaching basic ethical values and moral conduct that was commonly practiced in ancient Indian. Alternative titles: Śrīviṣṇuśarman Pañcatantra (श्रीविष्णुशर्मन् पञ्चतन्त्र, Śrī-viṣṇuśarman pancatantra, श्री-विष्णुशर्मन्, Sri-visnusarman)

Verse 0.1

मनवे वाचस्पतये शुक्राय पराशराय स-सुताय ।
चाणक्याय च विदुषे नमो ऽस्तु नय-शास्त्र-कर्तृभ्यः ॥ १ ॥

manave vācaspataye śukrāya parāśarāya sa-sutāya |
cāṇakyāya ca viduṣe namo 'stu naya-śāstra-kartṛbhyaḥ || 1 ||

The English translation of Panchatantra Verse 0.1 is contained in the book The Complete Pancatantra: Sanskrit Text with English Translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha (2016)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (0.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Manu, Manava, Vacaspati, Shukra, Parashara, Suta, Canakya, Vidusha, Vidus, Vidvas, Nama, Namas, Astu, Naya, Shastra, Kartri,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Panchatantra Verse 0.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “manave vācaspataye śukrāya parāśarāya sa-sutāya
  • manave -
  • manu (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    manu (noun, feminine)
    [dative single]
    manava (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    manava (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • vācaspataye -
  • vācaspati (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
  • śukrāya -
  • śukra (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    śukra (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • parāśarāya -
  • parāśara (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sutāya -
  • suta (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    suta (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    su -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √su class 5 verb]
    su -> suta (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √su class 5 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √ class 6 verb]
    -> suta (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √ class 6 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> suta (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √ class 2 verb]
  • Line 2: “cāṇakyāya ca viduṣe namo 'stu naya-śāstra-kartṛbhyaḥ
  • cāṇakyāya -
  • cāṇakya (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    cāṇakya (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • viduṣe -
  • viduṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vidus (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    vidus (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    vidvas (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    vidvas (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    vid -> vidvas (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √vid class 2 verb]
    vid -> vidvas (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √vid class 2 verb]
    viduṣa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    viduṣa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • namo' -
  • namas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    namas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    nama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • astu -
  • astu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    astu (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    astu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [imperative active third single]
  • naya -
  • naya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    naya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nay (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
    (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • śāstra -
  • śāstra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kartṛbhyaḥ -
  • kartṛ (noun, masculine)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
    kartṛ (noun, neuter)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Panchatantra Verse 0.1

Cover of edition (2015)

Pancatantra of Visnusarman
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Panchatantra in Simple Sanskrit
by Dr. Vishwas (2016)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2020)

Panchatantram (Telugu)
by Tadanki Venkata Lakshmi Narasimha Rao (2020)

Published by J. P. Publications, Vijayawada; Throughout black & white Illustrations; 9788192053851.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 0.1 in Telugu sript:
మనవే వాచస్పతయే శుక్రాయ పరాశరాయ స-సుతాయ ।
చాణక్యాయ చ విదుషే నమో ఽస్తు నయ-శాస్త్ర-కర్తృభ్యః ॥ ౧ ॥

Cover of edition (2010)

Panchatantram Bhashavyakhyanam (Malayalam)
by Dr. K.G. Sreelekha (2010)

Published by the University of Kerala.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 0.1 in Malayalam sript:
മനവേ വാചസ്പതയേ ശുക്രായ പരാശരായ സ-സുതായ ।
ചാണക്യായ ച വിദുഷേ നമോ ഽസ്തു നയ-ശാസ്ത്ര-കര്തൃഭ്യഃ ॥ ൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2017)

The Panchatantra Stories (Tamil)
by P. S. Aacharya (2017)

Published by Narmadha Pathippagam, Chennai.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

Panchatantrer Galpa (Bengali)
by Children's Book Trust (2014)

Throughout color Illustration; 9788170112730

Buy now!

Preview of verse 0.1 in Bengali sript:
মনবে বাচস্পতযে শুক্রায পরাশরায স-সুতায ।
চাণক্যায চ বিদুষে নমো ঽস্তু নয-শাস্ত্র-কর্তৃভ্যঃ ॥ ১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Panchatantra in Gujarati (Comic)
by Anant Pai (2013)

[શિયાળા અને રણશિંગ પંચતંત્ર] Published by Amar Chitra Katha; Throughout Color Illustrations; 9789350853115

Buy now!

Preview of verse 0.1 in Gujarati sript:
મનવે વાચસ્પતયે શુક્રાય પરાશરાય સ-સુતાય ।
ચાણક્યાય ચ વિદુષે નમો ઽસ્તુ નય-શાસ્ત્ર-કર્તૃભ્યઃ ॥ ૧ ॥

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