Naishadha-charita [sanskrit]

by K.K. Handiqui | 1965 | 29,064 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Naishadha-charita referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Naishadha-charita is one of the mahakavyas (great epic poems) and deals with the famous story Of Nala and Damayanti, as found in the Mahabharata.

Verse 22.139

हर्यक्षीभवतः कुरङ्गमुदरे प्रक्षिप्य यद्वा शशं जातस्फीततनोरमुष्य हरिता सूतस्य पत्न्या हरेः ।
भङ्गस्त्वद्वदनाम्बुजादजनि यत्पद्मात्तदेकाकिनः स्यादेकः पुनरस्य स प्रतिभटो यः सिंहिकायाः सुतः ॥ १३९ ॥

haryakṣībhavataḥ kuraṅgamudare prakṣipya yadvā śaśaṃ jātasphītatanoramuṣya haritā sūtasya patnyā hareḥ |
bhaṅgastvadvadanāmbujādajani yatpadmāttadekākinaḥ syādekaḥ punarasya sa pratibhaṭo yaḥ siṃhikāyāḥ sutaḥ || 139 ||

The English translation of Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 22.139 is contained in the book Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (An old and Rare Book) by K.K. Handiqui. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by K.K. Handiqui (1965)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (22.139). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Hari, Harin, Harya, Akshan, Akshi, Bhavat, Bhavant, Kuranga, Udara, Prakshipya, Yadva, Yadvan, Shasha, Jata, Sphita, Tanu, Adah, Harit, Harita, Suta, Patni, Bhanga, Yushmad, Vadanambuja, Yat, Yad, Padma, Tada, Kaki, Asmad, Syat, Sya, Eka, Punar, Idam, Pratibhata, Yah, Simhika, Sut,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 22.139). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “haryakṣībhavataḥ kuraṅgamudare prakṣipya yadvā śaśaṃ jātasphītatanoramuṣya haritā sūtasya patnyā hareḥ
  • harya -
  • hari (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    hari (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    hari (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    harī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    harin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single]
    harya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    harya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    hary (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • akṣī -
  • akṣī (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    akṣī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    akṣan (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • bhavataḥ -
  • bhavat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhavat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhavant (pronoun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhavant (pronoun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [present active third dual]
  • kuraṅgam -
  • kuraṅga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • udare -
  • udara (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • prakṣipya -
  • prakṣipya (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • yadvā -
  • yadvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    yadvan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śaśam -
  • śaśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • jāta -
  • jāta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jāta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jan -> jāta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √jan class 1 verb], [vocative single from √jan class 2 verb], [vocative single from √jan class 3 verb], [vocative single from √jan class 4 verb]
    jan -> jāta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √jan class 1 verb], [vocative single from √jan class 2 verb], [vocative single from √jan class 3 verb], [vocative single from √jan class 4 verb]
  • sphīta -
  • sphīta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sphīta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sphā -> sphīta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √sphā class 1 verb]
    sphā -> sphīta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √sphā class 1 verb]
  • tanor -
  • tanu (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • amuṣya -
  • adaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    adaḥ (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • haritā -
  • harit (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    harit (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    haritā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    hṝ (verb class 9)
    [periphrastic-future active third single]
  • sūtasya -
  • sūta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    sūta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    su -> sūta (participle, masculine)
    [genitive single from √su class 1 verb], [genitive single from √su class 2 verb]
    su -> sūta (participle, neuter)
    [genitive single from √su class 1 verb], [genitive single from √su class 2 verb]
    -> sūta (participle, masculine)
    [genitive single from √ class 6 verb]
    -> sūta (participle, neuter)
    [genitive single from √ class 6 verb]
    -> sūta (participle, masculine)
    [genitive single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> sūta (participle, neuter)
    [genitive single from √ class 2 verb]
  • patnyā* -
  • patnī (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • hareḥ -
  • hari (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    hari (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    hṛ (verb class 1)
    [optative active second single]
  • Line 2: “bhaṅgastvadvadanāmbujādajani yatpadmāttadekākinaḥ syādekaḥ punarasya sa pratibhaṭo yaḥ siṃhikāyāḥ sutaḥ
  • bhaṅgas -
  • bhaṅga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tvad -
  • yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [ablative single]
  • vadanāmbujād -
  • vadanāmbuja (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    vadanāmbuja (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • ajani -
  • ajani (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    jan (verb class 1)
    [aorist middle first single]
    jan (verb class 10)
    [aorist middle first single]
    jan (verb class 2)
    [imperfect middle first single], [aorist middle first single]
    jan (verb class 3)
    [aorist middle first single]
    jan (verb class 4)
    [aorist middle first single]
  • yat -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • padmāt -
  • padma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    padma (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • tade -
  • tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tada (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    tada (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • kāki -
  • kāki (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    kākī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • naḥ -
  • na (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative plural], [dative plural], [genitive plural]
  • syād -
  • syāt (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    syāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [optative active third single]
  • ekaḥ -
  • eka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • punar -
  • punar (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    punar (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • asya -
  • as -> asya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √as]
    a (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    as (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pratibhaṭo* -
  • pratibhaṭa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yaḥ -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • siṃhikāyāḥ -
  • siṃhikā (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • sutaḥ -
  • sut (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    sut (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    suta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    su -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √su class 5 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ class 6 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ class 2 verb]
    su (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 22.139

Cover of edition (1989)

Philosophical Reflections in the Naisadhacarita
by Harekrishna Meher (1989)

English (Hardcover)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

The Naisadhiyacarita and Literary Community in South Asia
by Deven M. Patel (2016)

English (Hardcover)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Naishadhiya Charitam of Mahakavi Shri Harsha
by Dr. Devarshi Sanadhya Shastri (2013)

Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Set of 2 Volumes ; Krishnadas Sanskrit Series 52; Includes Jivatu Commentary of Mallinath and Candrika Hindi Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2015)

Nala and Damayanti
by B.N. Goswamy (2015)

A Great Series of Paintings of An Old Indian Romance; Foreword by Karan Sing.

Buy now!
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