Naishadha-charita [sanskrit]

by K.K. Handiqui | 1965 | 29,064 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Naishadha-charita referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Naishadha-charita is one of the mahakavyas (great epic poems) and deals with the famous story Of Nala and Damayanti, as found in the Mahabharata.

Verse 21.137

अस्या भवन्तमनिशं भवतस्तथैनां कामः श्रमं न कथमृच्छति नाम गच्छन् ।
छायैव वामथ गतागतमाचरिष्णोस्तस्याध्वजश्रमहरा मकरध्वजस्य ॥ १३७ ॥

asyā bhavantamaniśaṃ bhavatastathaināṃ kāmaḥ śramaṃ na kathamṛcchati nāma gacchan |
chāyaiva vāmatha gatāgatamācariṣṇostasyādhvajaśramaharā makaradhvajasya || 137 ||

The English translation of Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 21.137 is contained in the book Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (An old and Rare Book) by K.K. Handiqui. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by K.K. Handiqui (1965)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (21.137). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Asi, Iyam, Idam, Bhavanta, Bhavat, Bhavant, Anisham, Anisha, Tatha, Aina, Kama, Shrama, Katham, Katha, Naman, Gacchat, Cha, Chaya, Vama, Tha, Gatagata, Aca, Ishan, Tad, Adhva, Shramahara, Makaradhvaja,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 21.137). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “asyā bhavantamaniśaṃ bhavatastathaināṃ kāmaḥ śramaṃ na kathamṛcchati nāma gacchan
  • asyā* -
  • asi (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    asī (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    iyam (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • bhavantam -
  • bhavanta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhavat (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhavant (pronoun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • aniśam -
  • aniśam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    aniśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    aniśa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    aniśā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • bhavatas -
  • bhavat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhavat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhavant (pronoun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhavant (pronoun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [present active third dual]
  • tathai -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tatha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ainā -
  • aina (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • am -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • kāmaḥ -
  • kāma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śramam -
  • śrama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • katham -
  • katham (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    katham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kathā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    katha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    katha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ṛcchati -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • nāma -
  • nāman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • gacchan -
  • gacchat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “chāyaiva vāmatha gatāgatamācariṣṇostasyādhvajaśramaharā makaradhvajasya
  • chāyai -
  • chāya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    chāya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    cha (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    cha (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    chā (noun, feminine)
    [dative single]
    chāyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • vāma -
  • vāma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vāma (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [imperative active first plural]
    (verb class 1)
    [imperative active first plural]
  • tha -
  • tha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gatāgatam -
  • gatāgata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    gatāgata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    gatāgatā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • āca -
  • āca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ac (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
  • ri -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    rai (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
  • iṣṇos -
  • iṣan (noun, neuter)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
  • tasyā -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • adhva -
  • adhva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    adhvan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
  • ja -
  • ja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ja (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śramaharā* -
  • śramahara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • makaradhvajasya -
  • makaradhvaja (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 21.137

Cover of edition (1989)

Philosophical Reflections in the Naisadhacarita
by Harekrishna Meher (1989)

English (Hardcover)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

The Naisadhiyacarita and Literary Community in South Asia
by Deven M. Patel (2016)

English (Hardcover)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Naishadhiya Charitam of Mahakavi Shri Harsha
by Dr. Devarshi Sanadhya Shastri (2013)

Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Set of 2 Volumes ; Krishnadas Sanskrit Series 52; Includes Jivatu Commentary of Mallinath and Candrika Hindi Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2015)

Nala and Damayanti
by B.N. Goswamy (2015)

A Great Series of Paintings of An Old Indian Romance; Foreword by Karan Sing.

Buy now!
Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: