Naishadha-charita [sanskrit]

by K.K. Handiqui | 1965 | 29,064 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Naishadha-charita referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Naishadha-charita is one of the mahakavyas (great epic poems) and deals with the famous story Of Nala and Damayanti, as found in the Mahabharata.

Verse 21.75

मृत्युभीतिकरपुण्यजनेन्द्रत्रासदानजमुपाऋज्य यशस्तत् ।
ह्रीणवानसि कथं न विहाय क्षुद्रदुर्जनभिया निजदारान् ॥ ७५ ॥

mṛtyubhītikarapuṇyajanendratrāsadānajamupāṛjya yaśastat |
hrīṇavānasi kathaṃ na vihāya kṣudradurjanabhiyā nijadārān || 75 ||

The English translation of Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 21.75 is contained in the book Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (An old and Rare Book) by K.K. Handiqui. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by K.K. Handiqui (1965)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (21.75). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Bhiti, Kara, Punyajana, Indra, Trasa, Dana, Upa, Yasha, Yashas, Tat, Tad, Hrinavat, Asi, Katham, Katha, Vihaya, Viha, Kshudra, Durjana, Bhiya, Bhi, Nija, Dara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 21.75). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “mṛtyubhītikarapuṇyajanendratrāsadānajamupāṛjya yaśastat
  • mṛtyu -
  • mṛtyu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • bhīti -
  • bhīti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bhītī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • kara -
  • kara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • puṇyajane -
  • puṇyajana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
  • indra -
  • indra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • trāsa -
  • trāsa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dāna -
  • dāna (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dāna (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dān (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • jam -
  • ja (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ja (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • upā -
  • upā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • ṛjya -
  • ṛñj -> ṛjya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √ṛñj]
    ṛñj -> ṛjya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √ṛñj]
    ṛñj -> ṛjya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √ṛñj]
    ṛñj -> ṛjya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √ṛñj]
  • yaśas -
  • yaśas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yaśas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    yaśa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “hrīṇavānasi kathaṃ na vihāya kṣudradurjanabhiyā nijadārān
  • hrīṇavān -
  • hrī -> hrīṇavat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √hrī class 3 verb]
  • asi -
  • asi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    asi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    asī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [present active second single]
  • katham -
  • katham (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    katham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kathā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    katha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    katha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vihāya -
  • vihāya (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    viha (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    viha (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • kṣudra -
  • kṣudra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṣudra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • durjana -
  • durjana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhiyā* -
  • bhiyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    bhī (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • nija -
  • nija (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nija (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dārān -
  • dāra (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 21.75

Cover of edition (1989)

Philosophical Reflections in the Naisadhacarita
by Harekrishna Meher (1989)

English (Hardcover)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

The Naisadhiyacarita and Literary Community in South Asia
by Deven M. Patel (2016)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2013)

Naishadhiya Charitam of Mahakavi Shri Harsha
by Dr. Devarshi Sanadhya Shastri (2013)

Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Set of 2 Volumes ; Krishnadas Sanskrit Series 52; Includes Jivatu Commentary of Mallinath and Candrika Hindi Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2015)

Nala and Damayanti
by B.N. Goswamy (2015)

A Great Series of Paintings of An Old Indian Romance; Foreword by Karan Sing.

Buy now!
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