Naishadha-charita [sanskrit]

by K.K. Handiqui | 1965 | 29,064 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Naishadha-charita referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Naishadha-charita is one of the mahakavyas (great epic poems) and deals with the famous story Of Nala and Damayanti, as found in the Mahabharata.

Verse 21.54

स्वप्रकाश जड एष जनस्ते वर्णनं यदभिलष्यति कर्तुम् ।
नन्वहर्पतिमहः प्रति स स्यान्न प्रकाशनरसस्तमसः किम् ॥ ५४ ॥

svaprakāśa jaḍa eṣa janaste varṇanaṃ yadabhilaṣyati kartum |
nanvaharpatimahaḥ prati sa syānna prakāśanarasastamasaḥ kim || 54 ||

The English translation of Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 21.54 is contained in the book Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (An old and Rare Book) by K.K. Handiqui. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by K.K. Handiqui (1965)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (21.54). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Svaprakasha, Jada, Esha, Jana, Janas, Tad, Yushmad, Varnana, Yat, Yad, Abhi, Lashyat, Kartu, Nanu, Aharpati, Ahan, Prati, Syat, Sya, Prakashana, Rasa, Tamas, Tamasa, Kim,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 21.54). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “svaprakāśa jaḍa eṣa janaste varṇanaṃ yadabhilaṣyati kartum
  • svaprakāśa -
  • svaprakāśa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    svaprakāśa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jaḍa* -
  • jaḍa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • eṣa -
  • eṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    eṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single], [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
    iṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • janas -
  • janas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    jana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • varṇanam -
  • varṇana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    varṇanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • yad -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • abhi -
  • abhi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    abhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    abhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    abhi (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • laṣyati -
  • laṣ -> laṣyat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √laṣ class 4 verb]
    laṣ -> laṣyat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √laṣ class 4 verb]
    laṣ (verb class 4)
    [present active third single]
  • kartum -
  • kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kartu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    kartu (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “nanvaharpatimahaḥ prati sa syānna prakāśanarasastamasaḥ kim
  • nanva -
  • nanu (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • aharpatim -
  • aharpati (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • ahaḥ -
  • ahan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ahar (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
    has (verb class 1)
    [aorist active second single]
  • prati -
  • prati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    prati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pratī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • syān -
  • syāt (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    syāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [optative active third single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prakāśana -
  • prakāśana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prakāśana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rasas -
  • rasa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tamasaḥ -
  • tamas (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    tamasa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 21.54

Cover of edition (1989)

Philosophical Reflections in the Naisadhacarita
by Harekrishna Meher (1989)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2016)

The Naisadhiyacarita and Literary Community in South Asia
by Deven M. Patel (2016)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2013)

Naishadhiya Charitam of Mahakavi Shri Harsha
by Dr. Devarshi Sanadhya Shastri (2013)

Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Set of 2 Volumes ; Krishnadas Sanskrit Series 52; Includes Jivatu Commentary of Mallinath and Candrika Hindi Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2015)

Nala and Damayanti
by B.N. Goswamy (2015)

A Great Series of Paintings of An Old Indian Romance; Foreword by Karan Sing.

Buy now!
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