Naishadha-charita [sanskrit]

by K.K. Handiqui | 1965 | 29,064 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Naishadha-charita referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Naishadha-charita is one of the mahakavyas (great epic poems) and deals with the famous story Of Nala and Damayanti, as found in the Mahabharata.

Verse 19.39

रचयति रुचिः शोणीमेतां कुमारितरा रवेर्यदलिपटली नीलीकर्तुं व्यवस्यति पातुका ।
अजनि सरसी कल्माषी तद्ध्रुवं धवलस्फुटत्कवलकलिकाषण्डैः पाण्डूकृतोदरमण्डला ॥ ३९ ॥

racayati ruciḥ śoṇīmetāṃ kumāritarā raveryadalipaṭalī nīlīkartuṃ vyavasyati pātukā |
ajani sarasī kalmāṣī taddhruvaṃ dhavalasphuṭatkavalakalikāṣaṇḍaiḥ pāṇḍūkṛtodaramaṇḍalā || 39 ||

The English translation of Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 19.39 is contained in the book Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (An old and Rare Book) by K.K. Handiqui. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by K.K. Handiqui (1965)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (19.39). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Racayat, Ruci, Shoni, Eta, Esha, Kumaritara, Ravi, Yat, Yad, Pash, Ali, Alin, Nili, Kartu, Vya, Vasyat, Patuka, Saras, Sarasi, Kalmashi, Tad, Tat, Dhruvam, Dhruva, Dhavala, Sphutat, Kavala, Kalika, Shanda, Pandu, Krit, Krita, Udara, Anda,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 19.39). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “racayati ruciḥ śoṇīmetāṃ kumāritarā raveryadalipaṭalī nīlīkartuṃ vyavasyati pātukā
  • racayati -
  • rac -> racayat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √rac class 10 verb]
    rac -> racayat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √rac class 10 verb]
    rac (verb class 10)
    [present active third single]
  • ruciḥ -
  • ruci (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    ruci (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śoṇīm -
  • śoṇī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • etām -
  • etā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    eṣā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • kumāritarā* -
  • kumāritarā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • raver -
  • ravi (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    ru (verb class 1)
    [optative active second single]
  • yad -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ali -
  • ali (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    alin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • paṭ -
  • paś (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • alī -
  • ali (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    alin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • nīlī -
  • nīlī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
  • kartum -
  • kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kartu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    kartu (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • vya -
  • vya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vasyati -
  • vas -> vasyat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √vas class 4 verb]
    vas -> vasyat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √vas class 4 verb]
    vas (verb class 4)
    [present active third single]
  • pātukā -
  • pātukā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line2: “ajani sarasī kalmāṣī taddhruvaṃ dhavalasphuṭatkavalakalikāṣaṇḍaiḥ pāṇḍūkṛtodaramaṇḍalā
  • ajani -
  • ajani (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    jan (verb class 1)
    [aorist middle first single]
    jan (verb class 10)
    [aorist middle first single]
    jan (verb class 2)
    [imperfect middle first single], [aorist middle first single]
    jan (verb class 3)
    [aorist middle first single]
    jan (verb class 4)
    [aorist middle first single]
  • sarasī -
  • sarasī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    saras (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • kalmāṣī -
  • kalmāṣī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • dhruvam -
  • dhruvam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    dhruva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dhruva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dhruvā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • dhavala -
  • dhavala (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dhavala (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sphuṭat -
  • sphuṭ -> sphuṭat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √sphuṭ class 6 verb], [vocative single from √sphuṭ class 6 verb], [accusative single from √sphuṭ class 6 verb]
  • kavala -
  • kavala (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kalikā -
  • kalikā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ṣaṇḍaiḥ -
  • ṣaṇḍa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    ṣaṇḍa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • pāṇḍū -
  • pāṇḍu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pāṇḍu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • kṛto -
  • kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛt (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    kṛt (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    kṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛtā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [injunctive middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second plural], [injunctive middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [injunctive middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [injunctive middle third single]
  • udaram -
  • udara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • aṇḍa -
  • aṇḍa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 19.39

Cover of edition (1989)

Philosophical Reflections in the Naisadhacarita
by Harekrishna Meher (1989)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2016)

The Naisadhiyacarita and Literary Community in South Asia
by Deven M. Patel (2016)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2013)

Naishadhiya Charitam of Mahakavi Shri Harsha
by Dr. Devarshi Sanadhya Shastri (2013)

Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Set of 2 Volumes ; Krishnadas Sanskrit Series 52; Includes Jivatu Commentary of Mallinath and Candrika Hindi Commentary

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Cover of edition (2015)

Nala and Damayanti
by B.N. Goswamy (2015)

A Great Series of Paintings of An Old Indian Romance; Foreword by Karan Sing.

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