Naishadha-charita [sanskrit]

by K.K. Handiqui | 1965 | 29,064 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Naishadha-charita referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Naishadha-charita is one of the mahakavyas (great epic poems) and deals with the famous story Of Nala and Damayanti, as found in the Mahabharata.

Verse 18.32

यत्तया सदसि नैषाधः स्वयं प्राग्वृतः सपदि वीतलज्जया ।
तन्निजं मनसिकृत्य चापलं सा शशाक न विलोकितुं नलम् ॥ ३२ ॥

yattayā sadasi naiṣādhaḥ svayaṃ prāgvṛtaḥ sapadi vītalajjayā |
tannijaṃ manasikṛtya cāpalaṃ sā śaśāka na vilokituṃ nalam || 32 ||

The English translation of Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 18.32 is contained in the book Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (An old and Rare Book) by K.K. Handiqui. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by K.K. Handiqui (1965)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (18.32). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yatta, Sadas, Naisha, Adhah, Adhas, Svayam, Prak, Vrit, Vrita, Sapadi, Vita, Lajja, Tat, Tad, Tan, Nija, Manas, Manasin, Kritya, Capala, Nala,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 18.32). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yattayā sadasi naiṣādhaḥ svayaṃ prāgvṛtaḥ sapadi vītalajjayā
  • yattayā -
  • yattā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    yat -> yattā (participle, feminine)
    [instrumental single from √yat class 1 verb]
  • sadasi -
  • sadas (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    sad (verb class 6)
    [present active second single]
  • naiṣā -
  • naiṣa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • adhaḥ -
  • adhaḥ (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    adhaḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    adhas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • svayam -
  • svayam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • prāg -
  • prāk (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • vṛtaḥ -
  • vṛt (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    vṛt (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    vṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vṛ -> vṛta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √vṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √vṛ class 9 verb]
    vṛ -> vṛta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √vṛ class 9 verb]
  • sapadi -
  • sapadi (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • vīta -
  • vīta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vīta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vai -> vīta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √vai class 1 verb]
    vai -> vīta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √vai class 1 verb]
    -> vīta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> vīta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> vīta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ class 4 verb]
    -> vīta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ class 4 verb]
    vyā -> vīta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √vyā class 1 verb]
    vyā -> vīta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √vyā class 1 verb]
    (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second plural]
  • lajjayā -
  • lajjā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • Line 2: “tannijaṃ manasikṛtya cāpalaṃ śaśāka na vilokituṃ nalam
  • tan -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • nijam -
  • nija (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nija (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nijā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • manasi -
  • manasin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    manasin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    manas (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    mnā (verb class 1)
    [present active second single]
  • kṛtya -
  • kṛtya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛtya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛ -> kṛtya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛt -> kṛtya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛt]
    kṛt -> kṛtya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛt]
    kṛt -> kṛtya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛt]
    kṛ -> kṛtya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛtya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
  • cāpalam -
  • cāpala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • -
  • (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • śaśāka -
  • śak (verb class 5)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vi -
  • vi (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    vi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ve (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • lokitum -
  • lok -> lokitum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √lok]
  • nalam -
  • nala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 18.32

Cover of edition (1989)

Philosophical Reflections in the Naisadhacarita
by Harekrishna Meher (1989)

English (Hardcover)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

The Naisadhiyacarita and Literary Community in South Asia
by Deven M. Patel (2016)

English (Hardcover)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Naishadhiya Charitam of Mahakavi Shri Harsha
by Dr. Devarshi Sanadhya Shastri (2013)

Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Set of 2 Volumes ; Krishnadas Sanskrit Series 52; Includes Jivatu Commentary of Mallinath and Candrika Hindi Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2015)

Nala and Damayanti
by B.N. Goswamy (2015)

A Great Series of Paintings of An Old Indian Romance; Foreword by Karan Sing.

Buy now!
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