Naishadha-charita [sanskrit]

by K.K. Handiqui | 1965 | 29,064 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Naishadha-charita referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Naishadha-charita is one of the mahakavyas (great epic poems) and deals with the famous story Of Nala and Damayanti, as found in the Mahabharata.

Verse 16.3

परार्ध्यवेषाभरणैः पुरःसरैः समं जिहाने निषधावनीभुजि ।
दधे सुनासीरपदाभिधेयतां स रूढिमात्राद्यदि वृत्रशात्रवः ॥ ३ ॥

parārdhyaveṣābharaṇaiḥ puraḥsaraiḥ samaṃ jihāne niṣadhāvanībhuji |
dadhe sunāsīrapadābhidheyatāṃ sa rūḍhimātrādyadi vṛtraśātravaḥ || 3 ||

The English translation of Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 16.3 is contained in the book Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (An old and Rare Book) by K.K. Handiqui. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! English translation by K.K. Handiqui (1965)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (16.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Parardhya, Vesha, Abharana, Purahsara, Sama, Jihana, Nishadha, Ani, Bhuj, Dadha, Sunasira, Pada, Pad, Abhidheyata, Rudhi, Atra, Yad, Vritra, Shatrava,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 16.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “parārdhyaveṣābharaṇaiḥ puraḥsaraiḥ samaṃ jihāne niṣadhāvanībhuji”
  • parārdhya -
  • parārdhya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    parārdhya (vocative single)
    parārdhya (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    parārdhya (vocative single)
  • veṣā -
  • veṣa (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    veṣa (vocative single)
    veṣa (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    veṣa (vocative single)
    veṣā (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    veṣā (nominative single)
    veṣā (nominative single)
    vaṣ (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    veṣa (perfect active second plural)
    viṣ (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    veṣa (imperative active second single)
  • ābharaṇaiḥ -
  • ābharaṇa (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    ābharaṇaiḥ (instrumental plural)
  • puraḥsaraiḥ -
  • puraḥsara (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    puraḥsaraiḥ (instrumental plural)
    puraḥsara (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    puraḥsaraiḥ (instrumental plural)
  • samam -
  • samam (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    sama (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    samam (adverb)
    samam (accusative single)
    sama (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    samam (adverb)
    samam (nominative single)
    samam (accusative single)
    samā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    samam (adverb)
  • jihāne -
  • jihāna (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    jihāne (locative single)
    jihāne (locative single)
    jihāna (noun, neuter); (8 der.)
    jihāne (nominative dual)
    jihāne (vocative dual)
    jihāne (accusative dual)
    jihāne (locative single)
    jihāne (nominative dual)
    jihāne (vocative dual)
    jihāne (accusative dual)
    jihāne (locative single)
    jihānā (noun, feminine); (8 der.)
    jihāne (nominative dual)
    jihāne (vocative single)
    jihāne (vocative dual)
    jihāne (accusative dual)
    jihāne (nominative dual)
    jihāne (vocative single)
    jihāne (vocative dual)
    jihāne (accusative dual)
    -> jihāna (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    jihāne (locative single), from √ (class 3 verb)
    -> jihāna (participle, neuter); (4 der.)
    jihāne (nominative dual), from √ (class 3 verb)
    jihāne (vocative dual), from √ (class 3 verb)
    jihāne (accusative dual), from √ (class 3 verb)
    jihāne (locative single), from √ (class 3 verb)
    -> jihānā (participle, feminine); (4 der.)
    jihāne (nominative dual), from √ (class 3 verb)
    jihāne (vocative single), from √ (class 3 verb)
    jihāne (vocative dual), from √ (class 3 verb)
    jihāne (accusative dual), from √ (class 3 verb)
  • niṣadhāva -
  • niṣadha (noun, masculine); (3 der.)
    niṣadhau (nominative dual)
    niṣadhau (vocative dual)
    niṣadhau (accusative dual)
  • anī -
  • anī (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    anī (nominative single)
    ani (noun, masculine); (3 der.)
    anī (nominative dual)
    anī (vocative dual)
    anī (accusative dual)
  • bhuji -
  • bhuji (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    bhuji (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    bhuj (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    bhuji (locative single)
    bhuj (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    bhuji (locative single)
  • Line2: “dadhe sunāsīrapadābhidheyatāṃ sa rūḍhimātrādyadi vṛtraśātravaḥ”
  • dadhe -
  • dadha (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    dadhe (locative single)
    dadha (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    dadhe (nominative dual)
    dadhe (vocative dual)
    dadhe (accusative dual)
    dadhe (locative single)
    dadhā (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    dadhe (nominative dual)
    dadhe (vocative single)
    dadhe (vocative dual)
    dadhe (accusative dual)
    dadh (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    dadhe (present middle first single)
    dhā (verb class 1); (3 der.)
    dadhe (present middle first single)
    dadhe (perfect middle first single)
    dadhe (perfect middle third single)
    dhā (verb class 2); (2 der.)
    dadhe (perfect middle first single)
    dadhe (perfect middle third single)
    dhā (verb class 3); (3 der.)
    dadhe (present middle first single)
    dadhe (perfect middle first single)
    dadhe (perfect middle third single)
    dhā (verb class 4); (2 der.)
    dadhe (perfect middle first single)
    dadhe (perfect middle third single)
    dhe (verb class 1); (2 der.)
    dadhe (perfect middle first single)
    dadhe (perfect middle third single)
  • sunāsīra -
  • sunāsīra (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    sunāsīra (vocative single)
    sunāsīra (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    sunāsīra (vocative single)
  • padā -
  • pada (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    pada (vocative single)
    pad (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    padā (instrumental single)
    padā (instrumental single)
    pad (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    pada (imperative active second single)
  • abhidheyatām -
  • abhidheyatā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    abhidheyatām (accusative single)
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    sa (vocative single)
    sa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    sa (nominative single)
  • rūḍhim -
  • rūḍhi (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    rūḍhim (accusative single)
  • ātrād -
  • ātra (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    ātrāt (adverb)
    ātrāt (ablative single)
  • yadi -
  • yadi (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    yadi (indeclinable relative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable relative)
    yadi (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    yad (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    yadi (locative single)
  • vṛtra -
  • vṛtra (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    vṛtra (vocative single)
  • śātravaḥ -
  • śātrava (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    śātravaḥ (nominative single)

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 16.3

Cover of edition (1989)

Philosophical Reflections in the Naisadhacarita
by Harekrishna Meher (1989)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2016)

The Naisadhiyacarita and Literary Community in South Asia
by Deven M. Patel (2016)

English (Hardcover)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Naishadhiya Charitam of Mahakavi Shri Harsha
by Dr. Devarshi Sanadhya Shastri (2013)

Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Set of 2 Volumes ; Krishnadas Sanskrit Series 52; Includes Jivatu Commentary of Mallinath and Candrika Hindi Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2015)

Nala and Damayanti
by B.N. Goswamy (2015)

A Great Series of Paintings of An Old Indian Romance; Foreword by Karan Sing.

Buy now!
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