Naishadha-charita [sanskrit]

by K.K. Handiqui | 1965 | 29,064 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Naishadha-charita referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Naishadha-charita is one of the mahakavyas (great epic poems) and deals with the famous story Of Nala and Damayanti, as found in the Mahabharata.

Verse 12.84

दूरं गौरगुणैरहंकृतिभृतां जैत्राङ्ककारे चरत्येतद्दोर्यशसि प्रयाति कुमुदं बिभ्यन्न निद्रां निशि ।
धम्मिल्ले तव मल्लिकासुमनसां माल्यं भिया लीयते पीयूषस्रवकैतवाद्धृतदरः शीतद्युतिः स्विद्यति ॥ ८४ ॥

dūraṃ gauraguṇairahaṃkṛtibhṛtāṃ jaitrāṅkakāre caratyetaddoryaśasi prayāti kumudaṃ bibhyanna nidrāṃ niśi |
dhammille tava mallikāsumanasāṃ mālyaṃ bhiyā līyate pīyūṣasravakaitavāddhṛtadaraḥ śītadyutiḥ svidyati || 84 ||

The English translation of Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 12.84 is contained in the book Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (An old and Rare Book) by K.K. Handiqui. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by K.K. Handiqui (1965)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.84). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Duram, Dura, Gaura, Guna, Bhrit, Bhrita, Jaitra, Ankakara, Etadda, Yashas, Yashasin, Prayati, Kumud, Kumuda, Nidra, Nish, Nishi, Dhammilla, Yushmad, Mallika, Manas, Manasa, Malya, Mali, Bhiya, Bhi, Piyusha, Sravaka, Vat, Hrita, Dara, Shitadyuti,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 12.84). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “dūraṃ gauraguṇairahaṃkṛtibhṛtāṃ jaitrāṅkakāre caratyetaddoryaśasi prayāti kumudaṃ bibhyanna nidrāṃ niśi
  • dūram -
  • dūram (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    dūra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dūra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dūrā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • gaura -
  • gaura (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    gaura (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • guṇair -
  • guṇa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • ahaṅkṛti -
  • ahaṅkṛti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • bhṛtām -
  • bhṛt (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    bhṛt (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    bhṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    bhṛ (verb class 2)
    [imperative active third dual], [imperative middle third single]
  • jaitrā -
  • jaitra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jaitra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • aṅkakāre -
  • aṅkakāra (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • caratye -
  • car (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • etaddor -
  • etaddā (noun, masculine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
  • yaśasi -
  • yaśasin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    yaśasin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    yaśas (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yaśas (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • prayāti -
  • prayāti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    prayāti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    prayāti (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • kumudam -
  • kumudā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    kumuda (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kumuda (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kumud (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • Cannot analyse bibhyanna*ni
  • nidrām -
  • nidrā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • niśi -
  • niśi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    niśi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    niśi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    niś (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • Line 2: “dhammille tava mallikāsumanasāṃ mālyaṃ bhiyā līyate pīyūṣasravakaitavāddhṛtadaraḥ śītadyutiḥ svidyati
  • dhammille -
  • dhammilla (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • tava -
  • yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]
  • mallikāsu -
  • mallikā (noun, feminine)
    [locative plural]
  • manasām -
  • manas (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    manasā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • mālyam -
  • mālya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mālya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    mālyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    mal -> mālya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √mal class 1 verb]
    mal -> mālya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √mal class 1 verb], [accusative single from √mal class 1 verb]
    mālī (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • bhiyā* -
  • bhiyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    bhī (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • līyate -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present passive third single]
    (verb class 4)
    [present middle third single], [present passive third single]
    (verb class 9)
    [present passive third single]
  • pīyūṣa -
  • pīyūṣa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pīyūṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sravakai -
  • sravaka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sravaka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sravakā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aita -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active second plural], [imperfect middle third single]
  • vāddh -
  • va (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    va (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    -> vāt (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> vāt (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √ class 1 verb]
  • hṛta -
  • hṛta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    hṛta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    hṛ -> hṛta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √hṛ class 1 verb]
    hṛ -> hṛta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √hṛ class 1 verb]
  • daraḥ -
  • dara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śītadyutiḥ -
  • śītadyuti (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Cannot analyse svidyati

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 12.84

Cover of edition (1989)

Philosophical Reflections in the Naisadhacarita
by Harekrishna Meher (1989)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2016)

The Naisadhiyacarita and Literary Community in South Asia
by Deven M. Patel (2016)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2013)

Naishadhiya Charitam of Mahakavi Shri Harsha
by Dr. Devarshi Sanadhya Shastri (2013)

Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Set of 2 Volumes ; Krishnadas Sanskrit Series 52; Includes Jivatu Commentary of Mallinath and Candrika Hindi Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2015)

Nala and Damayanti
by B.N. Goswamy (2015)

A Great Series of Paintings of An Old Indian Romance; Foreword by Karan Sing.

Buy now!
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