Naishadha-charita [sanskrit]

by K.K. Handiqui | 1965 | 29,064 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Naishadha-charita referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Naishadha-charita is one of the mahakavyas (great epic poems) and deals with the famous story Of Nala and Damayanti, as found in the Mahabharata.

Verse 12.58

राज्ञामस्य शतेन किं कलयतो हेतिं शतघ्नीं कृतं लक्षैर्लक्षभिदो दशैव जयतः पद्मानि पद्मैरलम् ।
कर्तुं सर्वपरिच्छिदः किमपि नो शक्यं परार्धेन वा तत्संख्यापगमं विनास्ति न गतिः काचिद्बतैतद्द्विषाम् ॥ ५८ ॥

rājñāmasya śatena kiṃ kalayato hetiṃ śataghnīṃ kṛtaṃ lakṣairlakṣabhido daśaiva jayataḥ padmāni padmairalam |
kartuṃ sarvaparicchidaḥ kimapi no śakyaṃ parārdhena vā tatsaṃkhyāpagamaṃ vināsti na gatiḥ kācidbataitaddviṣām || 58 ||

The English translation of Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 12.58 is contained in the book Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (An old and Rare Book) by K.K. Handiqui. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by K.K. Handiqui (1965)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.58). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Rajan, Idam, Shata, Kim, Kalayat, Heti, Shataghni, Krit, Krita, Laksha, Bhid, Dasha, Dashan, Jayat, Padma, Alam, Ala, Kartu, Sarva, Rit, Shi, Api, Shakya, Parardha, Tat, Tad, Sankhya, Apagama, Vina, Asti, Gati, Acit, Bata, Etad, Dvisha, Dvish,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 12.58). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “rājñāmasya śatena kiṃ kalayato hetiṃ śataghnīṃ kṛtaṃ lakṣairlakṣabhido daśaiva jayataḥ padmāni padmairalam
  • rājñām -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
  • asya -
  • as -> asya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √as]
    a (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    as (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • śatena -
  • śata (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kalayato* -
  • kal -> kalayat (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √kal class 10 verb], [ablative single from √kal class 10 verb], [genitive single from √kal class 10 verb]
    kal -> kalayat (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √kal class 10 verb], [genitive single from √kal class 10 verb]
    kal (verb class 10)
    [present active third dual]
  • hetim -
  • heti (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    heti (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • śataghnīm -
  • śataghnī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • kṛtam -
  • kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    kṛt (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second dual]
  • lakṣair -
  • lakṣa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    lakṣa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • lakṣa -
  • lakṣa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    lakṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    lakṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • bhido* -
  • bhid (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhid (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhid (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • daśai -
  • daśa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    daśa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    daśan (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    daśan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    daśā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    daṃś (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • jayataḥ -
  • jayat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    jayat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    ji -> jayat (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √ji class 1 verb], [ablative single from √ji class 1 verb], [genitive single from √ji class 1 verb]
    ji -> jayat (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √ji class 1 verb], [genitive single from √ji class 1 verb]
    ji (verb class 1)
    [present active third dual]
  • padmāni -
  • padma (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • padmair -
  • padma (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    padma (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • alam -
  • alam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “kartuṃ sarvaparicchidaḥ kimapi no śakyaṃ parārdhena tatsaṃkhyāpagamaṃ vināsti na gatiḥ kācidbataitaddviṣām
  • kartum -
  • kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kartu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    kartu (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • sarva -
  • sarva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sarva (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • pa -
  • pa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ricch -
  • rit (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    rit (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • śi -
  • śi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    śī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    śī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    śī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • daḥ -
  • da (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • no -
  • nu (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • śakyam -
  • śakya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śakya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śakyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    śak -> śakya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √śak class 5 verb]
    śak -> śakya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √śak class 5 verb], [accusative single from √śak class 5 verb]
  • parārdhena -
  • parārdha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    parārdha (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • -
  • (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • saṅkhyā -
  • saṅkhya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    saṅkhya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    saṅkhyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • apagamam -
  • apagama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • vinā -
  • vinā (indeclinable postposition)
    [indeclinable postposition]
    vina (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vina (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    vi (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    vinā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • asti -
  • asti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    astī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    astī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    astī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [present active third single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gatiḥ -
  • gati (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    gati (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • -
  • (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    ka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • acid -
  • acit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    acit (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    acit (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • batai -
  • bata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • etad -
  • etad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    etad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • dviṣām -
  • dviṣā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    dviṣ (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 12.58

Cover of edition (1989)

Philosophical Reflections in the Naisadhacarita
by Harekrishna Meher (1989)

English (Hardcover)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

The Naisadhiyacarita and Literary Community in South Asia
by Deven M. Patel (2016)

English (Hardcover)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Naishadhiya Charitam of Mahakavi Shri Harsha
by Dr. Devarshi Sanadhya Shastri (2013)

Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Set of 2 Volumes ; Krishnadas Sanskrit Series 52; Includes Jivatu Commentary of Mallinath and Candrika Hindi Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2015)

Nala and Damayanti
by B.N. Goswamy (2015)

A Great Series of Paintings of An Old Indian Romance; Foreword by Karan Sing.

Buy now!
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