Naishadha-charita [sanskrit]

by K.K. Handiqui | 1965 | 29,064 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Naishadha-charita referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Naishadha-charita is one of the mahakavyas (great epic poems) and deals with the famous story Of Nala and Damayanti, as found in the Mahabharata.

Verse 12.54

इमं परित्यज्य परं रणादरिः स्वमेव भग्नः शरणं मुधाविशत् ।
न वेत्ति यत्त्रातुमितः कृतस्मयो न दुर्गया शैलभुवापि शक्यते ॥ ५४ ॥

imaṃ parityajya paraṃ raṇādariḥ svameva bhagnaḥ śaraṇaṃ mudhāviśat |
na vetti yattrātumitaḥ kṛtasmayo na durgayā śailabhuvāpi śakyate || 54 ||

The English translation of Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 12.54 is contained in the book Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (An old and Rare Book) by K.K. Handiqui. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by K.K. Handiqui (1965)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.54). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Idam, Parityajya, Param, Para, Rana, Ari, Sva, Eva, Bhagna, Sharana, Mudha, Yat, Yad, Itah, Ita, Kritasmaya, Durga, Shaila, Bhuva, Bhu, Api, Shakyata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 12.54). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “imaṃ parityajya paraṃ raṇādariḥ svameva bhagnaḥ śaraṇaṃ mudhāviśat
  • imam -
  • idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • parityajya -
  • parityajya (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • param -
  • param (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    para (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    para (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • raṇād -
  • raṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    raṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • ariḥ -
  • ari (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ari (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • svam -
  • sva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    svan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    svan (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
    sva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhagnaḥ -
  • bhagna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śaraṇam -
  • śaraṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śaraṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śaraṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • mudhā -
  • mudhā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    mudhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aviśat -
  • viś (verb class 6)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “na vetti yattrātumitaḥ kṛtasmayo na durgayā śailabhuvāpi śakyate
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vetti -
  • vid (verb class 2)
    [present active third single]
  • yat -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • trātum -
  • trai -> trātum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √trai]
  • itaḥ -
  • itaḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    i -> ita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • kṛtasmayo* -
  • kṛtasmaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • durgayā -
  • durgā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • śaila -
  • śaila (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śaila (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhuvā -
  • bhuva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhuva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhū (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    bhū (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    api (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • śakyate -
  • śakyatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    śak (verb class 5)
    [present passive third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 12.54

Cover of edition (1989)

Philosophical Reflections in the Naisadhacarita
by Harekrishna Meher (1989)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2016)

The Naisadhiyacarita and Literary Community in South Asia
by Deven M. Patel (2016)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2013)

Naishadhiya Charitam of Mahakavi Shri Harsha
by Dr. Devarshi Sanadhya Shastri (2013)

Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Set of 2 Volumes ; Krishnadas Sanskrit Series 52; Includes Jivatu Commentary of Mallinath and Candrika Hindi Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2015)

Nala and Damayanti
by B.N. Goswamy (2015)

A Great Series of Paintings of An Old Indian Romance; Foreword by Karan Sing.

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