Naishadha-charita [sanskrit]

by K.K. Handiqui | 1965 | 29,064 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Naishadha-charita referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Naishadha-charita is one of the mahakavyas (great epic poems) and deals with the famous story Of Nala and Damayanti, as found in the Mahabharata.

Verse 12.48

युद्ध्वा चामिमुखं रणस्य चरणस्यैवादसीयस्य वा बुद्ध्वाऽन्तः स्वपरान्तरं निपततामुन्मुच्य बाणावलीः ।
छिन्नं वावनतीभवन्निजभियः खिन्नं भरेणाथ वा राज्ञानेन हठाद्विलोठितमभूद्भूमावरीणां शिरः ॥ ४८ ॥

yuddhvā cāmimukhaṃ raṇasya caraṇasyaivādasīyasya vā buddhvā'ntaḥ svaparāntaraṃ nipatatāmunmucya bāṇāvalīḥ |
chinnaṃ vāvanatībhavannijabhiyaḥ khinnaṃ bhareṇātha vā rājñānena haṭhādviloṭhitamabhūdbhūmāvarīṇāṃ śiraḥ || 48 ||

The English translation of Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 12.48 is contained in the book Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (An old and Rare Book) by K.K. Handiqui. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by K.K. Handiqui (1965)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.48). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ukha, Rana, Carana, Eva, Asi, Yasya, Yah, Yat, Var, Anta, Svapara, Tara, Nipa, Tata, Mud, Banavali, Chinna, Vava, Nat, Nati, Bhavat, Bhavant, Nija, Bhi, Khinna, Bharena, Bhara, Atha, Rajan, Ana, Anena, Idam, Hatha, Vilothin, Tama, Bhuma, Bhumi, Ari, Arina, Shira, Shiras,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 12.48). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yuddhvā cāmimukhaṃ raṇasya caraṇasyaivādasīyasya buddhvā'ntaḥ svaparāntaraṃ nipatatāmunmucya bāṇāvalīḥ
  • yuddhvā -
  • yudh -> yuddhvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √yudh]
    yudh -> yuddhvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √yudh]
  • cām -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • im -
  • i (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • ukham -
  • ukha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ukhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • raṇasya -
  • raṇa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    raṇa (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • caraṇasyai -
  • caraṇa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    caraṇa (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • evād -
  • eva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • asī -
  • asī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    asi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    asi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • yasya -
  • yasya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yasya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yas -> yasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √yas]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    yas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • vā* -
  • vār (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vār (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    va (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • buddhvā' -
  • antaḥ -
  • anta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • svaparān -
  • svapara (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • taram -
  • tara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    tara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tarā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • nipa -
  • nipa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nipa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tatā -
  • tatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tatā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
  • mun -
  • mud (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • mucya -
  • muc -> mucya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √muc]
    muc -> mucya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √muc]
    muñc -> mucya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √muñc]
  • bāṇāvalīḥ -
  • bāṇāvalī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “chinnaṃ vāvanatībhavannijabhiyaḥ khinnaṃ bhareṇātha rājñānena haṭhādviloṭhitamabhūdbhūmāvarīṇāṃ śiraḥ
  • chinnam -
  • chinna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    chinna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    chinnā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • vāva -
  • vāva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    (verb class 2)
    [imperative active first dual]
    (verb class 1)
    [imperative active first dual]
  • natī -
  • nat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    nati (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • bhavan -
  • bhavat (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    bhavat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    bhavant (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • nija -
  • nija (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nija (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhiyaḥ -
  • bhiyas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bhī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • khinnam -
  • khinna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    khinna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    khinnā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    khid -> khinna (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √khid class 4 verb], [accusative single from √khid class 6 verb], [accusative single from √khid class 7 verb]
    khid -> khinna (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √khid class 4 verb], [accusative single from √khid class 4 verb], [nominative single from √khid class 6 verb], [accusative single from √khid class 6 verb], [nominative single from √khid class 7 verb], [accusative single from √khid class 7 verb]
  • bhareṇā -
  • bhareṇa (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bhara (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    bhara (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • atha -
  • atha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • vā* -
  • vār (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vār (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    va (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • rājñā -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • anena -
  • anena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    anena (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ana (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • haṭhād -
  • haṭha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • viloṭhi -
  • viloṭhin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    viloṭhin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • tama -
  • tama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhūd -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [injunctive active third single]
  • bhūmāva -
  • bhūma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    bhūmi (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    bhūmi (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • arīṇām -
  • ari (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    ari (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    ari (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
    arīṇā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • śiraḥ -
  • śiras (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    śira (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 12.48

Cover of edition (1989)

Philosophical Reflections in the Naisadhacarita
by Harekrishna Meher (1989)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2016)

The Naisadhiyacarita and Literary Community in South Asia
by Deven M. Patel (2016)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2013)

Naishadhiya Charitam of Mahakavi Shri Harsha
by Dr. Devarshi Sanadhya Shastri (2013)

Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Set of 2 Volumes ; Krishnadas Sanskrit Series 52; Includes Jivatu Commentary of Mallinath and Candrika Hindi Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2015)

Nala and Damayanti
by B.N. Goswamy (2015)

A Great Series of Paintings of An Old Indian Romance; Foreword by Karan Sing.

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