Naishadha-charita [sanskrit]

by K.K. Handiqui | 1965 | 29,064 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Naishadha-charita referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Naishadha-charita is one of the mahakavyas (great epic poems) and deals with the famous story Of Nala and Damayanti, as found in the Mahabharata.

Verse 12.45

शरः रिपूनवाप्यापि गतोऽवकीर्णितामयं न यावज्जनरञ्जनव्रती ।
भृशं विरक्तानपि रक्तवत्तरान्निकृत्त्य यत्तानसृजासृजद्युधि ॥ ४५ ॥

śaraḥ ripūnavāpyāpi gato'vakīrṇitāmayaṃ na yāvajjanarañjanavratī |
bhṛśaṃ viraktānapi raktavattarānnikṛttya yattānasṛjāsṛjadyudhi || 45 ||

The English translation of Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 12.45 is contained in the book Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (An old and Rare Book) by K.K. Handiqui. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by K.K. Handiqui (1965)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.45). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Shara, Sharas, Ripu, Avapya, Api, Gat, Gata, Avakirnin, Tama, Yah, Bhrisham, Bhrisha, Virakta, Raktavat, Tara, Yatta, Asrij, Asrija, Yudh,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 12.45). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “śaraḥ ripūnavāpyāpi gato'vakīrṇitāmayaṃ na yāvajjanarañjanavratī
  • śaraḥ -
  • śaras (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    śara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ripūn -
  • ripu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • avāpyā -
  • avāpya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    avāpya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    avāpyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • gato' -
  • gat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    gat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    gata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • avakīrṇi -
  • avakīrṇin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    avakīrṇin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • tāma -
  • tāma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yam -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Cannot analyse yāvajjanarañjanavratī
  • Line 2: “bhṛśaṃ viraktānapi raktavattarānnikṛttya yattānasṛjāsṛjadyudhi
  • bhṛśam -
  • bhṛśam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bhṛśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhṛśa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhṛśā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • viraktān -
  • virakta (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • raktavat -
  • rag -> raktavat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √rag class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rag class 1 verb], [accusative single from √rag class 1 verb]
    raj -> raktavat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √raj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √raj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √raj class 1 verb], [nominative single from √raj class 4 verb], [vocative single from √raj class 4 verb], [accusative single from √raj class 4 verb]
    rañj -> raktavat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √rañj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rañj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √rañj class 1 verb], [nominative single from √rañj class 4 verb], [vocative single from √rañj class 4 verb], [accusative single from √rañj class 4 verb]
  • tarān -
  • tara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative plural], [ablative single]
    tara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • ni -
  • ni (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ni (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • kṛttya -
  • yattān -
  • yatta (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
    yat -> yatta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √yat class 1 verb]
  • asṛjā -
  • asṛj (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    asṛj (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    asṛjā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • asṛjad -
  • sṛj (verb class 6)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • yudhi -
  • yudh (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    yudh (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 12.45

Cover of edition (1989)

Philosophical Reflections in the Naisadhacarita
by Harekrishna Meher (1989)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2016)

The Naisadhiyacarita and Literary Community in South Asia
by Deven M. Patel (2016)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2013)

Naishadhiya Charitam of Mahakavi Shri Harsha
by Dr. Devarshi Sanadhya Shastri (2013)

Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Set of 2 Volumes ; Krishnadas Sanskrit Series 52; Includes Jivatu Commentary of Mallinath and Candrika Hindi Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2015)

Nala and Damayanti
by B.N. Goswamy (2015)

A Great Series of Paintings of An Old Indian Romance; Foreword by Karan Sing.

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