Naishadha-charita [sanskrit]

by K.K. Handiqui | 1965 | 29,064 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Naishadha-charita referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Naishadha-charita is one of the mahakavyas (great epic poems) and deals with the famous story Of Nala and Damayanti, as found in the Mahabharata.

Verse 12.25

अयं किलायात् इतीरिपौरवाग्भयादयादस्य रिपुर्वृथा वनम् ।
श्रुताष्टदुत्स्वापगिरस्तदक्षाराः पठद्भिरत्रासि शुकैर्वनेऽपि सः ॥ २५ ॥

ayaṃ kilāyāt itīripauravāgbhayādayādasya ripurvṛthā vanam |
śrutāṣṭadutsvāpagirastadakṣārāḥ paṭhadbhiratrāsi śukairvane'pi saḥ || 25 ||

The English translation of Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 12.25 is contained in the book Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (An old and Rare Book) by K.K. Handiqui. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by K.K. Handiqui (1965)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.25). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Aya, Idam, Kila, Iti, Rip, Ripu, Avak, Avac, Bhayat, Bhaya, Vritha, Vana, Shruta, Dut, Apa, Gir, Gira, Tada, Kshara, Pathat, Atra, Asi, Shuka, Vani, Api, Sah,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 12.25). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ayaṃ kilāyāt itīripauravāgbhayādayādasya ripurvṛthā vanam
  • ayam -
  • aya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kilāyā -
  • kila (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
  • āt -
  • āt (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • itīr -
  • iti (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [accusative plural]
  • ripau -
  • rip (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [instrumental single]
    ripu (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ripu (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • aur -
  • o (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
    au (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
    au (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
    u (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active second single]
  • avāg -
  • avāk (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    avāc (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • bhayād -
  • bhayāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bhaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    bhaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • ayād -
  • aya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • asya -
  • as -> asya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √as]
    a (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    as (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • ripur -
  • ripu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ripu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • vṛthā* -
  • vṛthā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vanam -
  • vana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “śrutāṣṭadutsvāpagirastadakṣārāḥ paṭhadbhiratrāsi śukairvane'pi saḥ
  • śrutāṣ -
  • śruta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    śrutā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    śru -> śruta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √śru class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √śru class 5 verb]
    śru -> śrutā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √śru class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √śru class 5 verb], [accusative plural from √śru class 5 verb]
  • ṭa -
  • ṭa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ṭa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dutsvā -
  • dut (noun, feminine)
    [locative plural]
  • āpa -
  • āpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    āpa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    āp (verb class 5)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
  • giras -
  • gir (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    gir (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    gir (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    gira (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tada -
  • tada (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tada (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kṣārāḥ -
  • kṣāra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kṣārā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • paṭhadbhir -
  • paṭh -> paṭhat (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental plural from √paṭh class 1 verb]
    paṭh -> paṭhat (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental plural from √paṭh class 1 verb]
  • atrā -
  • atra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    atra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    atra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    atrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • asi -
  • asi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    asi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    asī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [present active second single]
  • śukair -
  • śuka (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    śuka (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • vane' -
  • vana (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    vana (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    vanā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vani (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    vani (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • saḥ -
  • saḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 12.25

Cover of edition (1989)

Philosophical Reflections in the Naisadhacarita
by Harekrishna Meher (1989)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2016)

The Naisadhiyacarita and Literary Community in South Asia
by Deven M. Patel (2016)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2013)

Naishadhiya Charitam of Mahakavi Shri Harsha
by Dr. Devarshi Sanadhya Shastri (2013)

Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Set of 2 Volumes ; Krishnadas Sanskrit Series 52; Includes Jivatu Commentary of Mallinath and Candrika Hindi Commentary

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Cover of edition (2015)

Nala and Damayanti
by B.N. Goswamy (2015)

A Great Series of Paintings of An Old Indian Romance; Foreword by Karan Sing.

Buy now!
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